Prevención del consumo de alcohol y transmisión de virus de inmunodeficiencia humana: Ensayo clínico aleatorizado

Translated title of the contribution: Prevention of alcohol consumption and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus: Randomized clinical trial

Martha Dalila Mendez-Ruiz, Miguel Angel Villegas-Pantoja, Nohemí Selene Alarcón-Luna, Natalia Villegas, Rosina Cianelli, Nilda Peragallo-Montano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: to know the effects of a nursing intervention to reduce alcohol use and risk factors for transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Method: randomized single-blinded clinical trial performed by nurses with young women. The study included 66 participants in the intervention group and 66 participants in the control group. The instruments were the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, the HIV Risk Behavior Knowledge and the Condom Use Self-efficacy Scale. Analysis of variance was used. Results: alcohol involvement decreased in the intervention group (F (1.119) = 50.28; p < 0.001; η2p = 0.297), while HIV knowledge (F (1.130) = 34.34; p < 0.001; η2p = 0.209) and condom use self-efficacy increased (F (1.129) = 27.20; p <0.001; η2p = 0.174). In addition, less participants consumed alcohol in the past week compared to the control group (χ2 = 15.95; p < 0.001). Conclusion: the nursing intervention had positive effects, which could help young women stay away from alcohol use and the risk of sexually transmitted infections. NCT: 02405481.

Translated title of the contributionPrevention of alcohol consumption and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus: Randomized clinical trial
Original languageSpanish
Article numbere3262
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalRevista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Volume28
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Alcohol drinking
  • Nursing Care
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Women
  • Young adult

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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