Preventing HIV infection: Pre-exposure and postexposure prophylaxis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Data supporting the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis (nPEP) in the prevention of HIV infection after a sexual encounter continue to grow. In this review, we describe some of the research driving the various recommendations for use of antiretrovirals in prevention. In addition, current research is described regarding the establishment of viral reservoirs that argues for rethinking the timing for nPEP treatment. We discuss the variables that impact on the choice of prevention antiretrovirals, including drug distribution, drug transporters, and potential impact of race and ethnicity on these variables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-461
Number of pages9
JournalIUBMB Life
Volume66
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Keywords

  • antiretroviral medication
  • human immunodeficiency virus
  • prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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