Prevalence of Vaccination Rates in Systolic Heart Failure: A Prospective Study of 549 Patients by Age, Race, Ethnicity, and Sex in a Heart Failure Disease Management Program

Kathy Hebert, George Marzouka, Lee Arcement, Elyse Julian, Frank Cortazar, Andre Dias, Leonardo Tamariz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Healthy People 2010 aims at immunizing 60% of high-risk adults annually against influenza and once against pneumococcal disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a standardized approach to improve vaccination rates in patients with heart failure (HF); to determine whether disparities exist based on age, race, ethnicity, or sex at baseline and follow-up; and to evaluate the impact of clinical variables on the odds of being vaccinated. A prospective study of 549 indigent patients enrolled in a systolic HF disease management program (HFDMP) began enrollment from August 2007 to January 2009 at Jackson Memorial Hospital. Patients were interviewed at their initial visit for immunization status; those without vaccinations were offered the vaccines. Prevalence of vaccination (POV) for influenza and pneumococcal disease was obtained at baseline and at follow-up. The odds ratio for being vaccinated was calculated using logistic regression. The study population comprised mostly Hispanic (56%), black (37%), and male (70%) patients, with a mean age of 56±12 years and a mean ejection fraction of 25%±10%. The initial POV for both was 22% at baseline. At follow-up, POV improved to 60.5%. Of those not vaccinated at baseline, 17.5% refused vaccination. Odds ratios at baseline for age, race/ethnicity, and sex were 0.99 (P=99), 0.63 (P=08), and 0.62 (P=14), respectively. These did not change significantly at follow-up. Prevalence of vaccination in our cohort was low. Enrollment into the HFDMP improved immunization prevalence without creating age, race, ethnicity, or sex disparities. Congest Heart Fail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-283
Number of pages6
JournalCongestive Heart Failure
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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