Prevalence of usual-corrected binocular distance visual acuity impairment in Hispanic and non-Hispanic adults

Byron L Lam, David J Lee, Orlando W Gomez-Marin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES. The purpose of this study was to perform comparative analyses of the population-based prevalence of usual-corrected binocular distance visual acuity impairment among Hispanics and non-Hispanics in the United States. METHODS. Data from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES), 1982-1984, and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Augmentation Survey I (NHANES I-A), 1974-1975, were analyzed to investigate the epidemiology of usual-corrected binocular distance acuity in adults 25 to 74 years of age among Cuban-Americans (N = 396), Mexican-Americans (N = 1381), Puerto Ricans (N = 513), African-Americans (N = 250), and non-Hispanic white Americans (N = 2660). Binocular distance acuity was assessed using Sloan Letters or Landolt Rings with the participants wearing their corrective lenses, if any. RESULTS. Prevalences of 20/50 or worse usual-corrected binocular distance acuity were 3.5%, 4.6%, and 6.6% for Cuban-Americans, Mexican-Americans, and Puerto Ricans, respectively, in the HHANES; and 7.7% and 4.1% for African-Americans and non-Hispanic whites, respectively, in the NHANES I-A. Within the HHANES, after adjustment for gender and age, Puerto Rican adults were found to have a significantly higher prevalence of visual impairment (20/50 or worse) and were significantly less likely to become unimpaired with usual correction than Cuban-American adults. Within the NHANES I-A, African-Americans were found to have a higher prevalence of visual impairment (20/50 or worse) and were significantly less likely to become unimpaired with usual correction than non-Hispanic whites. Higher prevalences of visual impairment (20/50 or worse) were associated with increasing age for all ethnic groups. After controlling for age, odds of usual-corrected visual impairment (20/50 or worse) were significantly higher in women than in men for Cuban-Americans and Mexican-Americans (odds ratios: 4.5 and 2.6, respectively). CONCLUSIONS. The results from this study suggest that compared to other Hispanic groups and non-Hispanic whites, Puerto Rican and African-American adults may not be receiving similar eye care services and/or may have more severe eye diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-83
Number of pages11
JournalOphthalmic Epidemiology
Volume7
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 5 2000

Fingerprint

Vision Disorders
Hispanic Americans
Visual Acuity
Nutrition Surveys
African Americans
Health
Eye Diseases
Ethnic Groups
Lenses
Epidemiology
Odds Ratio

Keywords

  • African-Americans
  • Hispanics
  • Population-based study
  • Visual acuity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Prevalence of usual-corrected binocular distance visual acuity impairment in Hispanic and non-Hispanic adults. / Lam, Byron L; Lee, David J; Gomez-Marin, Orlando W.

In: Ophthalmic Epidemiology, Vol. 7, No. 1, 05.04.2000, p. 73-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0cf17614990a47b78adc0b6db97f5ef9,
title = "Prevalence of usual-corrected binocular distance visual acuity impairment in Hispanic and non-Hispanic adults",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES. The purpose of this study was to perform comparative analyses of the population-based prevalence of usual-corrected binocular distance visual acuity impairment among Hispanics and non-Hispanics in the United States. METHODS. Data from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES), 1982-1984, and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Augmentation Survey I (NHANES I-A), 1974-1975, were analyzed to investigate the epidemiology of usual-corrected binocular distance acuity in adults 25 to 74 years of age among Cuban-Americans (N = 396), Mexican-Americans (N = 1381), Puerto Ricans (N = 513), African-Americans (N = 250), and non-Hispanic white Americans (N = 2660). Binocular distance acuity was assessed using Sloan Letters or Landolt Rings with the participants wearing their corrective lenses, if any. RESULTS. Prevalences of 20/50 or worse usual-corrected binocular distance acuity were 3.5{\%}, 4.6{\%}, and 6.6{\%} for Cuban-Americans, Mexican-Americans, and Puerto Ricans, respectively, in the HHANES; and 7.7{\%} and 4.1{\%} for African-Americans and non-Hispanic whites, respectively, in the NHANES I-A. Within the HHANES, after adjustment for gender and age, Puerto Rican adults were found to have a significantly higher prevalence of visual impairment (20/50 or worse) and were significantly less likely to become unimpaired with usual correction than Cuban-American adults. Within the NHANES I-A, African-Americans were found to have a higher prevalence of visual impairment (20/50 or worse) and were significantly less likely to become unimpaired with usual correction than non-Hispanic whites. Higher prevalences of visual impairment (20/50 or worse) were associated with increasing age for all ethnic groups. After controlling for age, odds of usual-corrected visual impairment (20/50 or worse) were significantly higher in women than in men for Cuban-Americans and Mexican-Americans (odds ratios: 4.5 and 2.6, respectively). CONCLUSIONS. The results from this study suggest that compared to other Hispanic groups and non-Hispanic whites, Puerto Rican and African-American adults may not be receiving similar eye care services and/or may have more severe eye diseases.",
keywords = "African-Americans, Hispanics, Population-based study, Visual acuity",
author = "Lam, {Byron L} and Lee, {David J} and Gomez-Marin, {Orlando W}",
year = "2000",
month = "4",
day = "5",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "73--83",
journal = "Ophthalmic Epidemiology",
issn = "0928-6586",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of usual-corrected binocular distance visual acuity impairment in Hispanic and non-Hispanic adults

AU - Lam, Byron L

AU - Lee, David J

AU - Gomez-Marin, Orlando W

PY - 2000/4/5

Y1 - 2000/4/5

N2 - OBJECTIVES. The purpose of this study was to perform comparative analyses of the population-based prevalence of usual-corrected binocular distance visual acuity impairment among Hispanics and non-Hispanics in the United States. METHODS. Data from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES), 1982-1984, and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Augmentation Survey I (NHANES I-A), 1974-1975, were analyzed to investigate the epidemiology of usual-corrected binocular distance acuity in adults 25 to 74 years of age among Cuban-Americans (N = 396), Mexican-Americans (N = 1381), Puerto Ricans (N = 513), African-Americans (N = 250), and non-Hispanic white Americans (N = 2660). Binocular distance acuity was assessed using Sloan Letters or Landolt Rings with the participants wearing their corrective lenses, if any. RESULTS. Prevalences of 20/50 or worse usual-corrected binocular distance acuity were 3.5%, 4.6%, and 6.6% for Cuban-Americans, Mexican-Americans, and Puerto Ricans, respectively, in the HHANES; and 7.7% and 4.1% for African-Americans and non-Hispanic whites, respectively, in the NHANES I-A. Within the HHANES, after adjustment for gender and age, Puerto Rican adults were found to have a significantly higher prevalence of visual impairment (20/50 or worse) and were significantly less likely to become unimpaired with usual correction than Cuban-American adults. Within the NHANES I-A, African-Americans were found to have a higher prevalence of visual impairment (20/50 or worse) and were significantly less likely to become unimpaired with usual correction than non-Hispanic whites. Higher prevalences of visual impairment (20/50 or worse) were associated with increasing age for all ethnic groups. After controlling for age, odds of usual-corrected visual impairment (20/50 or worse) were significantly higher in women than in men for Cuban-Americans and Mexican-Americans (odds ratios: 4.5 and 2.6, respectively). CONCLUSIONS. The results from this study suggest that compared to other Hispanic groups and non-Hispanic whites, Puerto Rican and African-American adults may not be receiving similar eye care services and/or may have more severe eye diseases.

AB - OBJECTIVES. The purpose of this study was to perform comparative analyses of the population-based prevalence of usual-corrected binocular distance visual acuity impairment among Hispanics and non-Hispanics in the United States. METHODS. Data from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES), 1982-1984, and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Augmentation Survey I (NHANES I-A), 1974-1975, were analyzed to investigate the epidemiology of usual-corrected binocular distance acuity in adults 25 to 74 years of age among Cuban-Americans (N = 396), Mexican-Americans (N = 1381), Puerto Ricans (N = 513), African-Americans (N = 250), and non-Hispanic white Americans (N = 2660). Binocular distance acuity was assessed using Sloan Letters or Landolt Rings with the participants wearing their corrective lenses, if any. RESULTS. Prevalences of 20/50 or worse usual-corrected binocular distance acuity were 3.5%, 4.6%, and 6.6% for Cuban-Americans, Mexican-Americans, and Puerto Ricans, respectively, in the HHANES; and 7.7% and 4.1% for African-Americans and non-Hispanic whites, respectively, in the NHANES I-A. Within the HHANES, after adjustment for gender and age, Puerto Rican adults were found to have a significantly higher prevalence of visual impairment (20/50 or worse) and were significantly less likely to become unimpaired with usual correction than Cuban-American adults. Within the NHANES I-A, African-Americans were found to have a higher prevalence of visual impairment (20/50 or worse) and were significantly less likely to become unimpaired with usual correction than non-Hispanic whites. Higher prevalences of visual impairment (20/50 or worse) were associated with increasing age for all ethnic groups. After controlling for age, odds of usual-corrected visual impairment (20/50 or worse) were significantly higher in women than in men for Cuban-Americans and Mexican-Americans (odds ratios: 4.5 and 2.6, respectively). CONCLUSIONS. The results from this study suggest that compared to other Hispanic groups and non-Hispanic whites, Puerto Rican and African-American adults may not be receiving similar eye care services and/or may have more severe eye diseases.

KW - African-Americans

KW - Hispanics

KW - Population-based study

KW - Visual acuity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034107880&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034107880&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 10652174

AN - SCOPUS:0034107880

VL - 7

SP - 73

EP - 83

JO - Ophthalmic Epidemiology

JF - Ophthalmic Epidemiology

SN - 0928-6586

IS - 1

ER -