Prevalence of toxoplasmosis, HIV, syphilis and rubella in a population of puerperal women using Whatman 903® filter paper

José Mauro Madi, Ricardo da Silva de Souza, Breno Fauth de Araújo, Petrônio Fagundes de Oliveira Filho, Renato Luís Rombaldi, Charles D Mitchell, Jucemara Lorencetti, Nathalia Oliva Marcon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: to determine the seroprevalence rate of toxoplasmosis, HIV, syphilis and rubella in a population of puerperal women. Methods: a prospective, cross-sectional study was performed from February 2007 to April 2008 at Hospital Geral, Universidade de Caxias do Sul in a population of 1,510 puerperal women. Women that gave birth to live born or stillborn infants were included in the study; maternal and perinatal variables were analyzed. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's chi-square with occasional Fisher's correction were used for comparisons. Alpha was set in 5%. Results: a total of 148 cases of congenital infection (9.8%) were identified: 66 cases of syphilis (4.4%), 40 cases of HIV (2.7%), 27 cases of toxoplasmosis (1.8%) and 15 cases of rubella (1.0%). In ten cases there was co-infection (four cases of HIV and syphilis, two cases of HIV and rubella, one case of HIV and toxoplasmosis, two cases of rubella and syphilis, and one case of toxoplasmosis and rubella). In a comparison between puerperal women with and without infection there was no statistical significance in relation to incidence of abortions, small for gestational age, prematurity, live births and stillbirths, and prenatal care. Need of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), maternal schooling, maternal age higher than 35 years and drug use (alcohol, cocaine and crack) had statistical significance. Conclusion: the prevalence rate of infections was 9.8%. Need of NICU, maternal schooling lower than eight years, maternal age higher than 35 years and drug use were significantly associated with occurrence of congenital infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-29
Number of pages6
JournalBrazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume14
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Fingerprint

Rubella
Toxoplasmosis
Syphilis
HIV
Population
Neonatal Intensive Care Units
Maternal Age
Mothers
Live Birth
Infection
Crack Cocaine
Prenatal Care
Stillbirth
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Coinfection
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Gestational Age
Cross-Sectional Studies
Alcohols
Incidence

Keywords

  • Clinical diagnosis
  • Congenital infections
  • Perinatal infections
  • Seroprevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Madi, J. M., de Souza, R. D. S., de Araújo, B. F., Filho, P. F. D. O., Rombaldi, R. L., Mitchell, C. D., ... Marcon, N. O. (2010). Prevalence of toxoplasmosis, HIV, syphilis and rubella in a population of puerperal women using Whatman 903® filter paper. Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 14(1), 24-29.

Prevalence of toxoplasmosis, HIV, syphilis and rubella in a population of puerperal women using Whatman 903® filter paper. / Madi, José Mauro; de Souza, Ricardo da Silva; de Araújo, Breno Fauth; Filho, Petrônio Fagundes de Oliveira; Rombaldi, Renato Luís; Mitchell, Charles D; Lorencetti, Jucemara; Marcon, Nathalia Oliva.

In: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.01.2010, p. 24-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Madi, JM, de Souza, RDS, de Araújo, BF, Filho, PFDO, Rombaldi, RL, Mitchell, CD, Lorencetti, J & Marcon, NO 2010, 'Prevalence of toxoplasmosis, HIV, syphilis and rubella in a population of puerperal women using Whatman 903® filter paper', Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 24-29.
Madi, José Mauro ; de Souza, Ricardo da Silva ; de Araújo, Breno Fauth ; Filho, Petrônio Fagundes de Oliveira ; Rombaldi, Renato Luís ; Mitchell, Charles D ; Lorencetti, Jucemara ; Marcon, Nathalia Oliva. / Prevalence of toxoplasmosis, HIV, syphilis and rubella in a population of puerperal women using Whatman 903® filter paper. In: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2010 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 24-29.
@article{fb08e6f883df41d88007d822af829689,
title = "Prevalence of toxoplasmosis, HIV, syphilis and rubella in a population of puerperal women using Whatman 903{\circledR} filter paper",
abstract = "Objectives: to determine the seroprevalence rate of toxoplasmosis, HIV, syphilis and rubella in a population of puerperal women. Methods: a prospective, cross-sectional study was performed from February 2007 to April 2008 at Hospital Geral, Universidade de Caxias do Sul in a population of 1,510 puerperal women. Women that gave birth to live born or stillborn infants were included in the study; maternal and perinatal variables were analyzed. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's chi-square with occasional Fisher's correction were used for comparisons. Alpha was set in 5{\%}. Results: a total of 148 cases of congenital infection (9.8{\%}) were identified: 66 cases of syphilis (4.4{\%}), 40 cases of HIV (2.7{\%}), 27 cases of toxoplasmosis (1.8{\%}) and 15 cases of rubella (1.0{\%}). In ten cases there was co-infection (four cases of HIV and syphilis, two cases of HIV and rubella, one case of HIV and toxoplasmosis, two cases of rubella and syphilis, and one case of toxoplasmosis and rubella). In a comparison between puerperal women with and without infection there was no statistical significance in relation to incidence of abortions, small for gestational age, prematurity, live births and stillbirths, and prenatal care. Need of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), maternal schooling, maternal age higher than 35 years and drug use (alcohol, cocaine and crack) had statistical significance. Conclusion: the prevalence rate of infections was 9.8{\%}. Need of NICU, maternal schooling lower than eight years, maternal age higher than 35 years and drug use were significantly associated with occurrence of congenital infection.",
keywords = "Clinical diagnosis, Congenital infections, Perinatal infections, Seroprevalence",
author = "Madi, {Jos{\'e} Mauro} and {de Souza}, {Ricardo da Silva} and {de Ara{\'u}jo}, {Breno Fauth} and Filho, {Petr{\^o}nio Fagundes de Oliveira} and Rombaldi, {Renato Lu{\'i}s} and Mitchell, {Charles D} and Jucemara Lorencetti and Marcon, {Nathalia Oliva}",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "24--29",
journal = "Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases",
issn = "1413-8670",
publisher = "Elsevier Editora Ltda",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of toxoplasmosis, HIV, syphilis and rubella in a population of puerperal women using Whatman 903® filter paper

AU - Madi, José Mauro

AU - de Souza, Ricardo da Silva

AU - de Araújo, Breno Fauth

AU - Filho, Petrônio Fagundes de Oliveira

AU - Rombaldi, Renato Luís

AU - Mitchell, Charles D

AU - Lorencetti, Jucemara

AU - Marcon, Nathalia Oliva

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - Objectives: to determine the seroprevalence rate of toxoplasmosis, HIV, syphilis and rubella in a population of puerperal women. Methods: a prospective, cross-sectional study was performed from February 2007 to April 2008 at Hospital Geral, Universidade de Caxias do Sul in a population of 1,510 puerperal women. Women that gave birth to live born or stillborn infants were included in the study; maternal and perinatal variables were analyzed. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's chi-square with occasional Fisher's correction were used for comparisons. Alpha was set in 5%. Results: a total of 148 cases of congenital infection (9.8%) were identified: 66 cases of syphilis (4.4%), 40 cases of HIV (2.7%), 27 cases of toxoplasmosis (1.8%) and 15 cases of rubella (1.0%). In ten cases there was co-infection (four cases of HIV and syphilis, two cases of HIV and rubella, one case of HIV and toxoplasmosis, two cases of rubella and syphilis, and one case of toxoplasmosis and rubella). In a comparison between puerperal women with and without infection there was no statistical significance in relation to incidence of abortions, small for gestational age, prematurity, live births and stillbirths, and prenatal care. Need of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), maternal schooling, maternal age higher than 35 years and drug use (alcohol, cocaine and crack) had statistical significance. Conclusion: the prevalence rate of infections was 9.8%. Need of NICU, maternal schooling lower than eight years, maternal age higher than 35 years and drug use were significantly associated with occurrence of congenital infection.

AB - Objectives: to determine the seroprevalence rate of toxoplasmosis, HIV, syphilis and rubella in a population of puerperal women. Methods: a prospective, cross-sectional study was performed from February 2007 to April 2008 at Hospital Geral, Universidade de Caxias do Sul in a population of 1,510 puerperal women. Women that gave birth to live born or stillborn infants were included in the study; maternal and perinatal variables were analyzed. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's chi-square with occasional Fisher's correction were used for comparisons. Alpha was set in 5%. Results: a total of 148 cases of congenital infection (9.8%) were identified: 66 cases of syphilis (4.4%), 40 cases of HIV (2.7%), 27 cases of toxoplasmosis (1.8%) and 15 cases of rubella (1.0%). In ten cases there was co-infection (four cases of HIV and syphilis, two cases of HIV and rubella, one case of HIV and toxoplasmosis, two cases of rubella and syphilis, and one case of toxoplasmosis and rubella). In a comparison between puerperal women with and without infection there was no statistical significance in relation to incidence of abortions, small for gestational age, prematurity, live births and stillbirths, and prenatal care. Need of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), maternal schooling, maternal age higher than 35 years and drug use (alcohol, cocaine and crack) had statistical significance. Conclusion: the prevalence rate of infections was 9.8%. Need of NICU, maternal schooling lower than eight years, maternal age higher than 35 years and drug use were significantly associated with occurrence of congenital infection.

KW - Clinical diagnosis

KW - Congenital infections

KW - Perinatal infections

KW - Seroprevalence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77954779451&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77954779451&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 20428650

AN - SCOPUS:77954779451

VL - 14

SP - 24

EP - 29

JO - Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases

JF - Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases

SN - 1413-8670

IS - 1

ER -