Prevalence of refractive errors in children with retinoblastoma

Victor M. Villegas, Shuo Chieh Wu, Timothy G. Murray, Kara M Cavuoto, Hilda Capo, Craig McKeown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to investigate refractive errors in children with unilateral and bilateral retinoblastoma (RB). Methods: An institutional review board-approved consecutive retrospective cohort study was undertaken. Subjects underwent examination under general anesthesia as part of their RB follow-up, which included evaluation by a single pediatric ophthalmologist. Cycloplegic retinoscopy was performed and keratometry data assessed with a handheld Retinomax K Plus 3 keratorefractometer (Righton Ophthalmic Instruments). Results: The study included 61 eyes of 37 subjects, with 18 (49%) males and 19 females. Seventeen eyes (28%) had hyperopia with spherical equivalent ≥3 D. Refractive astigmatism ≥1.5 D was present in 32% of all eyes. Nine (38%) subjects had anisometropia ≥2 D. Fifteen (63%) subjects had anisometropia ≥1 D. Conclusion: This study reports the high proportion of amblyogenic refractive risk factors in children with RB, both in RB-affected eyes and contralateral normal eyes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-435
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Refractive Errors
Retinoblastoma
Anisometropia
Retinoscopy
Mydriatics
Hyperopia
Astigmatism
Research Ethics Committees
General Anesthesia
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Pediatrics

Keywords

  • Amblyopia
  • Anisometropia
  • Astigmatism
  • Hyperopia
  • Myopia
  • Retinoblastoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Prevalence of refractive errors in children with retinoblastoma. / Villegas, Victor M.; Wu, Shuo Chieh; Murray, Timothy G.; Cavuoto, Kara M; Capo, Hilda; McKeown, Craig.

In: Clinical Ophthalmology, Vol. 13, 01.01.2019, p. 431-435.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Villegas, Victor M. ; Wu, Shuo Chieh ; Murray, Timothy G. ; Cavuoto, Kara M ; Capo, Hilda ; McKeown, Craig. / Prevalence of refractive errors in children with retinoblastoma. In: Clinical Ophthalmology. 2019 ; Vol. 13. pp. 431-435.
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