Prevalence of nontuberculous mycobacteria and high efficacy of D-cycloserine and its synergistic effect with clarithromycin against mycobacterium fortuitum and mycobacterium abscessus

Azar Dokht Khosravi, Mehdi Mirsaeidi, Abbas Farahani, Mohammad Reza Tabandeh, Parviz Mohajeri, Saeed Shoja, Seyedeh Roghayeh Hoseini Lar Khosroshahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of pulmonary disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is reportedly on the rise in the world. Some of the species are resistant to various antibiotics; hence, limited treatment options are available. The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of NTM and to determine the effect of d-cycloserine against Mycobacterium fortuitum and Mycobacterium abscessus isolated from clinical specimens to find out the synergistic effect of d-cycloserine and clarithromycin. Methods: A total of 95 nonduplicate pulmonary isolates of NTM were collected from three major Regional Tuberculosis (TB) Centers. NTM isolates were identified by conventional tests and PCR sequence analysis of the rpoB gene. PCR sequencing of erm-41 was performed for detecting the inducible resistance to macrolides. In vitro susceptibilities and activities of d-cycloserine-clarithromycin combinations were accessed using the broth microdilution method. Results: Among 714-positive acid-fast bacilli from TB-suspected cases, 95 isolates were identified as NTM (13.3%). The prevalence of identified isolates was as follows: M. fortuitum 46 (48.4%), Mycobacterium simiae 16 (16.8%), Mycobacterium kansasii 15 (15.7%), M. abscessus 7 (7.3%), Mycobacterium thermoresistibile 4 (4.2%), Mycobacterium elephantis 3 (3.2%), Mycobacterium porcinum 2 (2.1%), and Mycobacterium chimaera 2 (2.1%). In addition, rpoB sequence analysis could identify all NTM isolates. The effect of d-cycloserine was better than that of clarithromycin. The synergistic effect of d-cycloserine with clarithromycin was observed for six (100%) and five (71.5%) strains of M. fortuitum and M. abscessus, respectively. Conclusion: In the present study, we demonstrated a wide range of NTM in processed samples from different provinces of Iran. Our observations indicated that d-cycloserine was very active against M. abscessus and M. fortuitum; hence, d-cycloserine, either alone or in combination with clarithromycin, may be promising for the treatment of M. abscessus-and M. fortuitum-associated diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2521-2532
Number of pages12
JournalInfection and Drug Resistance
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • D-cycloserine
  • In vitro activity
  • Mycobacterium abscessus
  • Mycobacterium fortuitum
  • Nontuberculous mycobacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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