Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in US-Born Latin and Caribbean youth

Sarah E. Messiah, Adriana Carrillo-Iregui, Nayely Garibay-Nieto, Gabriela Lopez-Mitnik, Sissi Cossio, Kristopher L. Arheart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: Little is knows about the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) among overweight first or second generation United States immigrant children/adolescents from Central/South America and the Caribbean basin. Methods: Analysis of anthropometric and laboratory data(N = 224) in overweight children ages 3-18 (64% Hispanic, 25% AfroCaribbean/black, 8% white, 3% multiracial) was conducted. The main outcome measure was the prevalence of individual parameters of MS and the MS (defined as ≥3 abnormal components). Results: The prevalence of the MS was 29% for the overall sample; an additional 28% had two MS components. Boys were significantly more likely than girls to have abnormal systolic blood pressure (P < 0.05). Hispanics were significantly more likely than blacks to have abnormal triglyceride and HDL cholesterol (P < 0.01 for both comparisons). Conclusions: Our results indicate that both sub-groups of, and major ethnic groups (Mexican- and African American) are at equal risk for cardiometabolic disease. Early identification of MS in recent immigrant children may improve their future cardiometabolic health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-371
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2009


  • Adolescent
  • Children
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Minority
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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