Prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors in Peru: The PREVENCION study

Josefina Medina-Lezama, Oscar L. Morey-Vargas, Humberto Zea-Díaz, Juan F. Bolaños-Salazar, Fernando Corrales-Medina, Carolina Cuba-Bustinza, Diana A. Chirinos-Medina, Julio A. Chirinos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. To estimate the prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors in the adult population of Arequipa, the second largest city in Peru. Methods. The prevalence and patterns of smoking, alcohol drinking, lack of physical activity, high-fat diet, and low fruit and vegetable intake were evaluated among 1 878 subjects (867 men and 1 011 women) in a population-based study. Results. The age-standardized prevalence of current smoking, former smoking, and never smoking were 21.6%, 14.3%, and 64.1%, respectively. The prevalence of current smoking was significantly higher in men than women (31.1% vs. 12.1%;P < 0.01). The prevalence of current alcohol use was 37.7% and significantly higher in men than women (55.5% vs. 19.7%; P < 0.02). Similarly, the prevalence of binge drinking was 21.2%, and the percentage of men who binge drink (36.1%) was significantly higher than for women (6.4%; P < 0.01). The vast majority of alcohol drinkers reported a pattern of alcohol consumption mainly on weekends and holidays rather than regular drinking with meals during the week. The proportion of insufficiently active people was 57.6% and was significantly higher in women than men (63.3% vs. 51.9%; P < 0.01). Overall, 42.0% of adults reported consuming high-fat diets, 34.5% reported low fruit intake, and 33.3% reported low vegetable intake. Conclusions. The high prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors found in this Andean population is of concern. Preventive programs are urgently needed to deal with this growing problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-179
Number of pages11
JournalRevista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health
Volume24
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Peru
Life Style
Smoking
High Fat Diet
Alcohol Drinking
Vegetables
Fruit
Preventive Health Services
Alcohols
Population
Binge Drinking
Holidays
Drinking
Meals
Exercise

Keywords

  • Alcohol drinking
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Diet
  • Peru
  • Physical activity
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Medina-Lezama, J., Morey-Vargas, O. L., Zea-Díaz, H., Bolaños-Salazar, J. F., Corrales-Medina, F., Cuba-Bustinza, C., ... Chirinos, J. A. (2008). Prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors in Peru: The PREVENCION study. Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health, 24(3), 169-179.

Prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors in Peru : The PREVENCION study. / Medina-Lezama, Josefina; Morey-Vargas, Oscar L.; Zea-Díaz, Humberto; Bolaños-Salazar, Juan F.; Corrales-Medina, Fernando; Cuba-Bustinza, Carolina; Chirinos-Medina, Diana A.; Chirinos, Julio A.

In: Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 24, No. 3, 09.2008, p. 169-179.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Medina-Lezama, J, Morey-Vargas, OL, Zea-Díaz, H, Bolaños-Salazar, JF, Corrales-Medina, F, Cuba-Bustinza, C, Chirinos-Medina, DA & Chirinos, JA 2008, 'Prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors in Peru: The PREVENCION study', Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 169-179.
Medina-Lezama, Josefina ; Morey-Vargas, Oscar L. ; Zea-Díaz, Humberto ; Bolaños-Salazar, Juan F. ; Corrales-Medina, Fernando ; Cuba-Bustinza, Carolina ; Chirinos-Medina, Diana A. ; Chirinos, Julio A. / Prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors in Peru : The PREVENCION study. In: Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health. 2008 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 169-179.
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abstract = "Objectives. To estimate the prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors in the adult population of Arequipa, the second largest city in Peru. Methods. The prevalence and patterns of smoking, alcohol drinking, lack of physical activity, high-fat diet, and low fruit and vegetable intake were evaluated among 1 878 subjects (867 men and 1 011 women) in a population-based study. Results. The age-standardized prevalence of current smoking, former smoking, and never smoking were 21.6{\%}, 14.3{\%}, and 64.1{\%}, respectively. The prevalence of current smoking was significantly higher in men than women (31.1{\%} vs. 12.1{\%};P < 0.01). The prevalence of current alcohol use was 37.7{\%} and significantly higher in men than women (55.5{\%} vs. 19.7{\%}; P < 0.02). Similarly, the prevalence of binge drinking was 21.2{\%}, and the percentage of men who binge drink (36.1{\%}) was significantly higher than for women (6.4{\%}; P < 0.01). The vast majority of alcohol drinkers reported a pattern of alcohol consumption mainly on weekends and holidays rather than regular drinking with meals during the week. The proportion of insufficiently active people was 57.6{\%} and was significantly higher in women than men (63.3{\%} vs. 51.9{\%}; P < 0.01). Overall, 42.0{\%} of adults reported consuming high-fat diets, 34.5{\%} reported low fruit intake, and 33.3{\%} reported low vegetable intake. Conclusions. The high prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors found in this Andean population is of concern. Preventive programs are urgently needed to deal with this growing problem.",
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AU - Zea-Díaz, Humberto

AU - Bolaños-Salazar, Juan F.

AU - Corrales-Medina, Fernando

AU - Cuba-Bustinza, Carolina

AU - Chirinos-Medina, Diana A.

AU - Chirinos, Julio A.

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N2 - Objectives. To estimate the prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors in the adult population of Arequipa, the second largest city in Peru. Methods. The prevalence and patterns of smoking, alcohol drinking, lack of physical activity, high-fat diet, and low fruit and vegetable intake were evaluated among 1 878 subjects (867 men and 1 011 women) in a population-based study. Results. The age-standardized prevalence of current smoking, former smoking, and never smoking were 21.6%, 14.3%, and 64.1%, respectively. The prevalence of current smoking was significantly higher in men than women (31.1% vs. 12.1%;P < 0.01). The prevalence of current alcohol use was 37.7% and significantly higher in men than women (55.5% vs. 19.7%; P < 0.02). Similarly, the prevalence of binge drinking was 21.2%, and the percentage of men who binge drink (36.1%) was significantly higher than for women (6.4%; P < 0.01). The vast majority of alcohol drinkers reported a pattern of alcohol consumption mainly on weekends and holidays rather than regular drinking with meals during the week. The proportion of insufficiently active people was 57.6% and was significantly higher in women than men (63.3% vs. 51.9%; P < 0.01). Overall, 42.0% of adults reported consuming high-fat diets, 34.5% reported low fruit intake, and 33.3% reported low vegetable intake. Conclusions. The high prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors found in this Andean population is of concern. Preventive programs are urgently needed to deal with this growing problem.

AB - Objectives. To estimate the prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors in the adult population of Arequipa, the second largest city in Peru. Methods. The prevalence and patterns of smoking, alcohol drinking, lack of physical activity, high-fat diet, and low fruit and vegetable intake were evaluated among 1 878 subjects (867 men and 1 011 women) in a population-based study. Results. The age-standardized prevalence of current smoking, former smoking, and never smoking were 21.6%, 14.3%, and 64.1%, respectively. The prevalence of current smoking was significantly higher in men than women (31.1% vs. 12.1%;P < 0.01). The prevalence of current alcohol use was 37.7% and significantly higher in men than women (55.5% vs. 19.7%; P < 0.02). Similarly, the prevalence of binge drinking was 21.2%, and the percentage of men who binge drink (36.1%) was significantly higher than for women (6.4%; P < 0.01). The vast majority of alcohol drinkers reported a pattern of alcohol consumption mainly on weekends and holidays rather than regular drinking with meals during the week. The proportion of insufficiently active people was 57.6% and was significantly higher in women than men (63.3% vs. 51.9%; P < 0.01). Overall, 42.0% of adults reported consuming high-fat diets, 34.5% reported low fruit intake, and 33.3% reported low vegetable intake. Conclusions. The high prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors found in this Andean population is of concern. Preventive programs are urgently needed to deal with this growing problem.

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