The National Cholesterol Education Program's guidelines for the detection, evaluation, and treatment of high serum cholesterol in adults were employed in screening 155 Southeast Asian refugees in a primary care clinic in Seattle, Washington. In order to determine the need for a therapeutic intervention, information also was collected on the presence of other coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors. Male gender (39%), cigarette smoking (27%) and hypertension (26%) were the most common CHD risk factors; diabetes mellitus, obesity, a family or prior history of CHD or cerebral/peripheral vascular disease were each noted in less than 10%. The mean serum total cholesterol was 194 mg/dl. Thirty-seven (24%) patients required further lipoprotein analysis based on cholesterol level, history of CHD and risk factors for CHD. Twenty-one (66%) of 32 patients who underwent lipoprotein analysis (14% of all patients) were candidates for a therapeutic intervention for hypercholesterolaemia. Additionally, 14 (44%) patients undergoing lipoprotein analysis had depressed high-density lipoprotein levels (< 35 mg/dl). We conclude that CHD risk factors including hypercholesterolaemia are common in Southeast Asian refugee clinic patients and that in many, a therapeutic intervention may well be Justified. Southeast Asian refugees should be routinely screened for hypercholesterolaemia and other CHD risk factors in accordance with the National Cholesterol Education Program's guidelines.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Apr 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)