Prevalence of erectile dysfunction in systolic heart failure patients in a developing country: Tbilisi, Georgia, Eastern Europe

Kathy Hebert, Jatin Anand, Pat Trahan, Maria Delgado, Joseph Greene, Elyse Julian, Jason Cuomo, Ilia Gogichaishvili, Nino Nozadze, Andre Dias, Lee Arcement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction. In the past decade, there has been an increasing amount of published information regarding erectile dysfunction (ED) and heart failure (HF) in economically advanced, westernized populations. However, there is a paucity of data regarding ED and HF in developing countries. The country of Georgia is categorized as a lower-middle-income country (LMIC) with an emerging and developing economy.Aim. To examine the prevalence of ED in patients with HF from a developing and LMIC and assess the association with depression.Methods. We conducted an observational, cross-sectional study that included male patients 18 years of age or older with an ejection fraction ≤40% by echocardiogram in a heart failure disease management program in Tbilisi, Georgia. The Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) survey was used to categorize men according to degree of ED. Baseline clinical characteristics known to be associated with ED, such as New York Heart Association functional classification, were also documented.Main Outcome Measures. The SHIM survey and the nine-question Patient Health Questionnaire.Results. The prevalence of ED was found to be 61.7%. Patients with ED were generally older, had more peripheral vascular disease, and had greater levels of depression than those without ED.Conclusions. There is a high prevalence of ED in patients with HF living in Tbilisi, Georgia. In comparison to previously published data on HF populations, our Georgian population showed lesser degrees of ED. More research is needed to better explain the causality for lower prevalence of ED, but explanations may include lower degrees of diabetes and aspects of treatment such as beta-blocker medication. Health care providers in LMICs should screen all of their male HF patients for ED and provide appropriate therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3991-3996
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Sexual Medicine
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Depression
  • Erectile Function
  • Heart Failure
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Reproductive Medicine

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