Preterm infant massage therapy research

A review

Tiffany M Field, Miguel A Diego, Maria Hernandez-Reif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, preterm infant massage therapy studies are reviewed. Massage therapy has led to weight gain in preterm infants when moderate pressure massage was provided. In studies on passive movement of the limbs, preterm infants also gained significantly more weight, and their bone density also increased. Research on ways of delivering the massage is also explored including using mothers versus therapists and the added effects of using oils. The use of mothers as therapists was effective in at least one study. The use of oils including coconut oil and safflower oil enhanced the average weight gain, and the transcutaneous absorption of oil also increased triglycerides. In addition, the use of synthetic oil increased vagal activity, which may indirectly contribute to weight gain. The weight gain was associated with shorter hospital stays and, thereby, significant hospital cost savings. Despite these benefits, preterm infant massage is only practiced in 38% of neonatal intensive care units. This may relate to the underlying mechanisms not being well understood. The increases noted in vagal activity, gastric motility, insulin and IGF-1 levels following moderate pressure massage are potential underlying mechanisms. However, those variables combined do not explain all of the variance in weight gain, highlighting the need for additional mechanism studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-124
Number of pages10
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

Fingerprint

Massage
Premature Infants
Weight Gain
Oils
Research
Mothers
Safflower Oil
Skin Absorption
Pressure
Cost Savings
Hospital Costs
Neonatal Intensive Care Units
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Bone Density
Length of Stay
Stomach
Triglycerides
Extremities
Insulin
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • Infant massage
  • Massage therapy
  • Preterm massage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Preterm infant massage therapy research : A review. / Field, Tiffany M; Diego, Miguel A; Hernandez-Reif, Maria.

In: Infant Behavior and Development, Vol. 33, No. 2, 01.04.2010, p. 115-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ae8375cdfb78414dbc5e9e015e906dc6,
title = "Preterm infant massage therapy research: A review",
abstract = "In this paper, preterm infant massage therapy studies are reviewed. Massage therapy has led to weight gain in preterm infants when moderate pressure massage was provided. In studies on passive movement of the limbs, preterm infants also gained significantly more weight, and their bone density also increased. Research on ways of delivering the massage is also explored including using mothers versus therapists and the added effects of using oils. The use of mothers as therapists was effective in at least one study. The use of oils including coconut oil and safflower oil enhanced the average weight gain, and the transcutaneous absorption of oil also increased triglycerides. In addition, the use of synthetic oil increased vagal activity, which may indirectly contribute to weight gain. The weight gain was associated with shorter hospital stays and, thereby, significant hospital cost savings. Despite these benefits, preterm infant massage is only practiced in 38{\%} of neonatal intensive care units. This may relate to the underlying mechanisms not being well understood. The increases noted in vagal activity, gastric motility, insulin and IGF-1 levels following moderate pressure massage are potential underlying mechanisms. However, those variables combined do not explain all of the variance in weight gain, highlighting the need for additional mechanism studies.",
keywords = "Infant massage, Massage therapy, Preterm massage",
author = "Field, {Tiffany M} and Diego, {Miguel A} and Maria Hernandez-Reif",
year = "2010",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.infbeh.2009.12.004",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "115--124",
journal = "Infant Behavior and Development",
issn = "0163-6383",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preterm infant massage therapy research

T2 - A review

AU - Field, Tiffany M

AU - Diego, Miguel A

AU - Hernandez-Reif, Maria

PY - 2010/4/1

Y1 - 2010/4/1

N2 - In this paper, preterm infant massage therapy studies are reviewed. Massage therapy has led to weight gain in preterm infants when moderate pressure massage was provided. In studies on passive movement of the limbs, preterm infants also gained significantly more weight, and their bone density also increased. Research on ways of delivering the massage is also explored including using mothers versus therapists and the added effects of using oils. The use of mothers as therapists was effective in at least one study. The use of oils including coconut oil and safflower oil enhanced the average weight gain, and the transcutaneous absorption of oil also increased triglycerides. In addition, the use of synthetic oil increased vagal activity, which may indirectly contribute to weight gain. The weight gain was associated with shorter hospital stays and, thereby, significant hospital cost savings. Despite these benefits, preterm infant massage is only practiced in 38% of neonatal intensive care units. This may relate to the underlying mechanisms not being well understood. The increases noted in vagal activity, gastric motility, insulin and IGF-1 levels following moderate pressure massage are potential underlying mechanisms. However, those variables combined do not explain all of the variance in weight gain, highlighting the need for additional mechanism studies.

AB - In this paper, preterm infant massage therapy studies are reviewed. Massage therapy has led to weight gain in preterm infants when moderate pressure massage was provided. In studies on passive movement of the limbs, preterm infants also gained significantly more weight, and their bone density also increased. Research on ways of delivering the massage is also explored including using mothers versus therapists and the added effects of using oils. The use of mothers as therapists was effective in at least one study. The use of oils including coconut oil and safflower oil enhanced the average weight gain, and the transcutaneous absorption of oil also increased triglycerides. In addition, the use of synthetic oil increased vagal activity, which may indirectly contribute to weight gain. The weight gain was associated with shorter hospital stays and, thereby, significant hospital cost savings. Despite these benefits, preterm infant massage is only practiced in 38% of neonatal intensive care units. This may relate to the underlying mechanisms not being well understood. The increases noted in vagal activity, gastric motility, insulin and IGF-1 levels following moderate pressure massage are potential underlying mechanisms. However, those variables combined do not explain all of the variance in weight gain, highlighting the need for additional mechanism studies.

KW - Infant massage

KW - Massage therapy

KW - Preterm massage

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77949918907&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77949918907&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.infbeh.2009.12.004

DO - 10.1016/j.infbeh.2009.12.004

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 115

EP - 124

JO - Infant Behavior and Development

JF - Infant Behavior and Development

SN - 0163-6383

IS - 2

ER -