Presence of aromatase inhibitors in cycads

Maria T. Kowalska, Yossef Itzhak, David Puett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Cycads, the most primitive of the living gymnosperms, have been used and continue to be used for food and medicinal purposes by many cultures, although toxins must be removed before ingestion. In our quest to identify tropical plants that contain inhibitors of the cytochrome P-450 aromatase and thus may be efficacious in treating estrogen-dependent tumors, we have screened extracts from 5 species of cycad folia encompassing 3 genera: Cycas cairnsiana F. Muell., Cycas revoluta Thunb., Cycas rumphii Miq., Dioon spinulosum Dyer and Encephalartos ferox Bertol. All extracts were found to contain inhibitors of the human enzyme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-116
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Ethnopharmacology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 28 1995


  • Aromatase inhibitor
  • Cycads
  • Enzyme inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology


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