Preparing for a U.S. national ALS registry: Lessons from a pilot project in the State of Georgia

Michael Benatar, Joanne Wuu, Sharon Usher, Kevin Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our objective was to investigate the utility of existing data sources for identifying cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and related motor neuron diseases (MND) in the State of Georgia. Data were acquired from Medicare, Medicaid, Veterans Administration, Emory Healthcare, community neurologists, the ALS Association, and mortality records for ALS/MND patients residing in Georgia during 2001-2005. A neurologist used abstracted medical records to verify the diagnosis of ALS/MND. The positive predictive value (PPV) of an ICD code for a verified diagnosis of ALS was estimated. Simple rules were developed to improve PPV. Results showed that a total of 2413 unique potential cases were identified in existing data sources. Medical records of 579 cases were available for review; the diagnosis of ALS (or a related MND) was confirmed in 486 (PPV = 84%) cases. Predictive rules, which permitted classification of ∼?80% of the chart-reviewed population, improved PPV to 96-98%. In conclusion, existing data sources are useful for identifying cases of ALS/MND; most data sources contribute a substantial number of unique cases. Predictive algorithms may permit correct classification of a large proportion of cases without the need for verification based on medical record review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-135
Number of pages6
JournalAmyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ALS Registry
  • Epidemiology
  • ICD code
  • neuroepidemiology
  • positive predictive value

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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