Prenatal vitamins- A review of the literature on benefits and risks of various nutrient supplements

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vitamin and mineral supplements cannot replace a healthy diet, and there are not enough high-quality data to recommend multivitamin supplements for all American women. The differences between prenatal vitamins are slight, and no particular vitamin can be recommended over another. Pregnant women should stay below the upper limits of supplementation per IOM guidelines (Table 1, page 78).1 Folic acid is the 1 vitamin for which definitive evidence supports preventive supplementation in the periconceptional period. Multivitamin supplements are recommended for pregnant women who cannot meet the RDAs through food intake; ideally, these women should be identified before conception and prescribed supplements at that time. At-risk populations include adolescents, women carrying multiple gestations, those with a substance abuse history (including tobacco), those with eating disorders, those taking certain medications that can alter absorption, and strict vegetarians or vegans.59.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFormulary
Volume48
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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