Prenatal dysthymia versus major depression effects on maternal cortisol and fetal growth.

Tiffany M Field, Miguel A Diego, Maria Hernandez-Reif, Barbara Figueiredo, Angela Ascencio, Saul Schanberg, Cynthia Kuhn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To determine differences between pregnant women diagnosed with Dysthymia versus Major Depression, depressed pregnant women (N=102) were divided by their diagnosis into Dysthymic (N=48) and Major Depression (N=54) groups and compared on self-report measures (depression, anxiety, anger, daily hassles and behavioral inhibition), on stress hormone levels (cortisol and norepinephrine), and on fetal measurements. The Major Depression group had more self-reported symptoms. However, the Dysthymic group had higher prenatal cortisol levels and lower fetal growth measurements (estimated weight, femur length, abdominal circumference) as measured at their first ultrasound (M=18 weeks gestation). Thus, depressed pregnant women with Dysthymia and Major Depression appeared to have different prenatal symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDepression and Anxiety
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 26 2008

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Fetal Development
Hydrocortisone
Mothers
Depression
Pregnant Women
Anger
Femur
Self Report
Norepinephrine
Anxiety
Hormones
Weights and Measures
Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Prenatal dysthymia versus major depression effects on maternal cortisol and fetal growth. / Field, Tiffany M; Diego, Miguel A; Hernandez-Reif, Maria; Figueiredo, Barbara; Ascencio, Angela; Schanberg, Saul; Kuhn, Cynthia.

In: Depression and Anxiety, Vol. 25, No. 6, 26.08.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Field, Tiffany M ; Diego, Miguel A ; Hernandez-Reif, Maria ; Figueiredo, Barbara ; Ascencio, Angela ; Schanberg, Saul ; Kuhn, Cynthia. / Prenatal dysthymia versus major depression effects on maternal cortisol and fetal growth. In: Depression and Anxiety. 2008 ; Vol. 25, No. 6.
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