Preloss Spirituality Predicts Postloss Distress of Bereaved Cancer Caregivers

Amanda Ting, Aurelie Lucette, Charles S Carver, Rachel S. Cannady, Youngmee Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Although spirituality has been identified as a psychological resource relevant to coping with caregiving stress, little is known about the differential roles of spirituality's facets in bereaved caregivers' adjustment. Purpose: This study examined this question with regard to bereavement-specific and general distress in cancer caregivers. Methods: Cancer caregivers provided data at 2 years after their relative's diagnosis when all the patients were alive (Time 1, preloss) and 3 years later, after the patient had died (Time 2, postloss: N = 128). Demographics and three facets of spirituality (meaning, peace, and faith) were measured at Time 1. Psychological distress and time since the death were measured at Time 2. Results: Younger age, less education, and being a spousal caregiver of the patient related to greater bereavement-specific and general distress (ts ≥ 2.02, ps < .05, partial η2 ≥ .15). Above and beyond these demographic factors, two preloss spirituality facets related to postloss distress. Specifically, a greater sense of inner peace at preloss was prospectively associated with less bereavement-specific distress (both intrusive thoughts and hyperarousal, ts ≥ 2.24, ps < .05, partial η2 ≥ .41). Greater reliance on faith at preloss was also prospectively associated with lower intrusive thoughts (t = 2.24, p < .05, partial η2 = .34). Conclusion: Findings highlight the importance of preloss sense of peace as a predictor of psychological distress during bereavement. Programs and interventions might be designed to help caregivers find inner peace while caregiving, in an effort to augment their resiliency against psychological distress when facing the loss of the patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-157
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Fingerprint

Spirituality
Bereavement
Caregivers
Psychology
Neoplasms
Demography
Social Adjustment
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Preloss Spirituality Predicts Postloss Distress of Bereaved Cancer Caregivers. / Ting, Amanda; Lucette, Aurelie; Carver, Charles S; Cannady, Rachel S.; Kim, Youngmee.

In: Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 53, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 150-157.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{222435f7c455491c9c3fc58e37c56c69,
title = "Preloss Spirituality Predicts Postloss Distress of Bereaved Cancer Caregivers",
abstract = "Background: Although spirituality has been identified as a psychological resource relevant to coping with caregiving stress, little is known about the differential roles of spirituality's facets in bereaved caregivers' adjustment. Purpose: This study examined this question with regard to bereavement-specific and general distress in cancer caregivers. Methods: Cancer caregivers provided data at 2 years after their relative's diagnosis when all the patients were alive (Time 1, preloss) and 3 years later, after the patient had died (Time 2, postloss: N = 128). Demographics and three facets of spirituality (meaning, peace, and faith) were measured at Time 1. Psychological distress and time since the death were measured at Time 2. Results: Younger age, less education, and being a spousal caregiver of the patient related to greater bereavement-specific and general distress (ts ≥ 2.02, ps < .05, partial η2 ≥ .15). Above and beyond these demographic factors, two preloss spirituality facets related to postloss distress. Specifically, a greater sense of inner peace at preloss was prospectively associated with less bereavement-specific distress (both intrusive thoughts and hyperarousal, ts ≥ 2.24, ps < .05, partial η2 ≥ .41). Greater reliance on faith at preloss was also prospectively associated with lower intrusive thoughts (t = 2.24, p < .05, partial η2 = .34). Conclusion: Findings highlight the importance of preloss sense of peace as a predictor of psychological distress during bereavement. Programs and interventions might be designed to help caregivers find inner peace while caregiving, in an effort to augment their resiliency against psychological distress when facing the loss of the patient.",
author = "Amanda Ting and Aurelie Lucette and Carver, {Charles S} and Cannady, {Rachel S.} and Youngmee Kim",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/abm/kay024",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "53",
pages = "150--157",
journal = "Annals of Behavioral Medicine",
issn = "0883-6612",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preloss Spirituality Predicts Postloss Distress of Bereaved Cancer Caregivers

AU - Ting, Amanda

AU - Lucette, Aurelie

AU - Carver, Charles S

AU - Cannady, Rachel S.

AU - Kim, Youngmee

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Background: Although spirituality has been identified as a psychological resource relevant to coping with caregiving stress, little is known about the differential roles of spirituality's facets in bereaved caregivers' adjustment. Purpose: This study examined this question with regard to bereavement-specific and general distress in cancer caregivers. Methods: Cancer caregivers provided data at 2 years after their relative's diagnosis when all the patients were alive (Time 1, preloss) and 3 years later, after the patient had died (Time 2, postloss: N = 128). Demographics and three facets of spirituality (meaning, peace, and faith) were measured at Time 1. Psychological distress and time since the death were measured at Time 2. Results: Younger age, less education, and being a spousal caregiver of the patient related to greater bereavement-specific and general distress (ts ≥ 2.02, ps < .05, partial η2 ≥ .15). Above and beyond these demographic factors, two preloss spirituality facets related to postloss distress. Specifically, a greater sense of inner peace at preloss was prospectively associated with less bereavement-specific distress (both intrusive thoughts and hyperarousal, ts ≥ 2.24, ps < .05, partial η2 ≥ .41). Greater reliance on faith at preloss was also prospectively associated with lower intrusive thoughts (t = 2.24, p < .05, partial η2 = .34). Conclusion: Findings highlight the importance of preloss sense of peace as a predictor of psychological distress during bereavement. Programs and interventions might be designed to help caregivers find inner peace while caregiving, in an effort to augment their resiliency against psychological distress when facing the loss of the patient.

AB - Background: Although spirituality has been identified as a psychological resource relevant to coping with caregiving stress, little is known about the differential roles of spirituality's facets in bereaved caregivers' adjustment. Purpose: This study examined this question with regard to bereavement-specific and general distress in cancer caregivers. Methods: Cancer caregivers provided data at 2 years after their relative's diagnosis when all the patients were alive (Time 1, preloss) and 3 years later, after the patient had died (Time 2, postloss: N = 128). Demographics and three facets of spirituality (meaning, peace, and faith) were measured at Time 1. Psychological distress and time since the death were measured at Time 2. Results: Younger age, less education, and being a spousal caregiver of the patient related to greater bereavement-specific and general distress (ts ≥ 2.02, ps < .05, partial η2 ≥ .15). Above and beyond these demographic factors, two preloss spirituality facets related to postloss distress. Specifically, a greater sense of inner peace at preloss was prospectively associated with less bereavement-specific distress (both intrusive thoughts and hyperarousal, ts ≥ 2.24, ps < .05, partial η2 ≥ .41). Greater reliance on faith at preloss was also prospectively associated with lower intrusive thoughts (t = 2.24, p < .05, partial η2 = .34). Conclusion: Findings highlight the importance of preloss sense of peace as a predictor of psychological distress during bereavement. Programs and interventions might be designed to help caregivers find inner peace while caregiving, in an effort to augment their resiliency against psychological distress when facing the loss of the patient.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060389390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060389390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/abm/kay024

DO - 10.1093/abm/kay024

M3 - Article

C2 - 30052710

AN - SCOPUS:85060389390

VL - 53

SP - 150

EP - 157

JO - Annals of Behavioral Medicine

JF - Annals of Behavioral Medicine

SN - 0883-6612

IS - 2

ER -