Preliminary evaluation of the NIAAA/AAP brief alcohol use screener

Alan Meca, Jonathan G. Tubman, Timothy Regan, Diane D. Zheng, Rhoda Moise, Tae Kyoung Lee, Mary H. Soares, Maria R. Velazquez, Andrew Egbert, Seth J Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: To assess the concurrent validity of the two-item NIAAA/American Academy of Pediatrics Brief Alcohol Use Screener, a developmentally sensitive assessment instrument, in a schoolbased sample of adolescents. Method: The sample consisted of 756 adolescents (53% girls; Mage = 13.7 years; SD = 1.6 years) in the 6th (n = 192), 8th (n = 283), and the 10th (n = 281) grades from Miami-Dade County, FL and Prince George's County, MD. Adolescents completed the NIAAA/AAP Brief Alcohol Use Screener, which consists of two items asking about adolescents' alcohol use and about peers' alcohol use during the last year. Peer-Risk is categorized into 'No Peer-Risk' versus 'Heightened Concern'; Self-Risk is categorized into 'No-Risk,' 'Low-Risk,' 'Moderate-Risk' or 'High-Risk,' based on alcohol use patterns and age. Adolescents also completed measures of recent alcohol use and four previously validated screener instruments. Results: Relative to the self-use 'No-Risk' category, adolescents classified into the 'Low-,' 'Moderate-' and 'High-Risk' categories reported progressively greater alcohol use and misuse during the last 90 days. Similar patterns were observed between the Peer-Risk categories. Combined, the two NIAAA/AAP screener items were positively related to recent alcohol use and outperformed the other screeners examined. Conclusions: Results from the present study support the concurrent validity of the single and combined items of the NIAAA/AAP Brief Alcohol Use Screener, as well as the measure's favorable concurrent validity compared to four previously validated screener instruments. Short Summary: The current results support the concurrent validity of the single and combined items of the NIAAA/AAP Brief Alcohol Use Screener, as well as the measure's favorable concurrent validity compared to four previously validated screener instruments, in a school-based sample of adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberagx009
Pages (from-to)328-334
Number of pages7
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Meca, A., Tubman, J. G., Regan, T., Zheng, D. D., Moise, R., Lee, T. K., Soares, M. H., Velazquez, M. R., Egbert, A., & Schwartz, S. J. (2017). Preliminary evaluation of the NIAAA/AAP brief alcohol use screener. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 52(3), 328-334. [agx009]. https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agx009