Prejudice in Police Profiling

Assessing an Overlooked Aspect in Prior Research

George Wilson, Roger G Dunham, Geoffrey Alpert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Social science analyses of racial profiling in the context of discretionary police stops and subsequent interrogations have tended to rely on a framework dictated by federal case law, namely, they have focused on disparate impact by race as the basis for deeming profiling discriminatory. Significantly, neglected in profiling studies have been considerations of the role of prejudice. Analogizing to profiling about the sources of prejudice, activators of prejudice, and legitimacy gained from acting on prejudice, among key decision makers in other institutional domains - namely, employers in the workplace and brokers/landlords in the housing market - the authors maintain that prejudice is a source of profiling. In addition, the authors discuss how identifying the prejudicial roots of profiling enhances one's ability to both judge its propriety and understand the scope of racial prejudice in America. The authors offer suggestions for future research that sheds additional light on the link between racial prejudice and profiling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)896-909
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Behavioral Scientist
Volume47
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2004

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Police
prejudice
police
Racism
Research
Illegitimacy
Aptitude
Social Sciences
Workplace
landlord
federal law
housing market
case law
decision maker
employer
legitimacy
workplace
social science
ability

Keywords

  • Discrimination
  • Police
  • Prejudice
  • Race
  • Racial profiling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Prejudice in Police Profiling : Assessing an Overlooked Aspect in Prior Research. / Wilson, George; Dunham, Roger G; Alpert, Geoffrey.

In: American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 47, No. 7, 03.2004, p. 896-909.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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