Preferred HPV and HPV vaccine learning methods to guide future HPV prevention interventions among rural Hispanics

Madeline Fernandez-Pineda, Rosina Cianelli, Natalia Villegas, Yui Matsuda, Evelyn Iriarte, Melanie Fernandez, Nilda Peragallo Montano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: HPV vaccination among United States's rural Hispanic youth is suboptimal to the Healthy People 2030 goal. Rural Hispanic parents' HPV vaccine (HPVV) perceptions have influenced these low rates. Furthermore, few effective interventions for increasing HPV vaccination among rural Hispanic populations exist. This study aimed to determine rural Hispanic parent's preferred HPV and HPVV learning methods to guide future HPV prevention interventions. Design and methods: A descriptive qualitative design was used. A total of 23 rural Hispanic parents from South Florida participated in four focus groups. Conventional content analysis was used to analyze the transcripts. Results: Three overcharging themes were identified: 1) Learning method preferences for parents, 2) Learning method preferences for youth, and 3) Learning method preferences for families. Sub-themes included participants' preferences on their interest for an intervention, target audiences, teaching methods, availability of community members, intervention facilitators, and content. Conclusions: Addressing HPV vaccination by developing culturally tailored programs for rural Hispanic parents is urgently needed to prevent HPV and HPV-related cancers among this disproportionately affected population. Findings highlight essential elements that should be considered when designing an intervention for increasing HPV vaccination among Hispanics in rural settings. Practice implications: Pediatric nurses must offer culturally appropriate HPVV education and literature and proactively recommend the HPVV at every opportunity. Pediatric nurses can administer the HPVV at schools and community health fairs while clinics can play educational clips in waiting and examination rooms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-145
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Nursing
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021


  • Hispanic/Latino parents
  • Human papillomavirus vaccine
  • Prevention interventions
  • Rural Hispanics
  • Vaccination/immunization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics


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