Predictors of sports motivation among gay and bisexual Men

Brian D. Zamboni, Isiaah Crawford, Adam W. Carrico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Athletic activities are associated with reduced levels of stress and negative mood states among heterosexuals; thus, examining this association among gay/bisexual men is warranted. The current study examined the relationship between sports motivation and mood states, self-esteem, body esteem, life satisfaction, perceptions of masculinity/femininity, and parental encouragement for athletic endeavors among 195 gay/bisexual men. The results were mixed, but suggest that sports participation among gay/bisexual men may relate to a desire to express their masculinity and maintain a positive body image. Gay/bisexual men may be more likely to participate in sports if they receive positive reinforcement from others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-468
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Homosexuality
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 10 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Bisexual
  • Body image
  • Gay
  • Masculinity
  • Men
  • Motivation
  • Sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Psychology(all)


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