Predictors of Self-Efficacy for HIV Prevention Among Hispanic Women in South Florida

Natalia Villegas, Rosina Cianelli, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, Lorena Kaelber, Lilian Ferrer, Nilda Peragallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Self-efficacy is a critical element for HIV prevention, however little is known about the predictors of self-efficacy for HIV prevention among Hispanic women. In this cross-sectional study we assessed if age, living with a partner, employment status, HIV knowledge, self-esteem, and intimate partner violence (IPV) predicted self-efficacy for HIV prevention in 548 Hispanic women in South Florida who participated in a randomized controlled trial (SEPA). The majority of Hispanic women reported high levels of self-efficacy for HIV prevention. Women who were older, living with a partner, had less HIV knowledge, and had a history of IPV reported significantly lower levels of self-efficacy for HIV prevention. HIV knowledge was the most important predictor of self-efficacy for HIV prevention. Employment was not a significant predictor of self-efficacy for HIV prevention. Predictors identified in the study can be used to identify high-risk Hispanic women who are in need of HIV prevention interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-37
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Hispanic women
  • HIV
  • Self-efficacy for HIV prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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