Predictors of participation in an HIV risk reduction intervention for socially deprived Latino women: A cross sectional cohort study

Young Ju Kim, Nilda Peragallo, Bruce DeForge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Little is known about predictors of participation and attrition in HIV prevention programs for socially deprived Latino women. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine factors that predict program participation and attrition among Latino women in a community-based, culturally specific HIV risk reduction intervention. Design: This was a cross-sectional comparison of baseline data drawn from a randomized HIV risk reduction trial. Settings: Information was drawn from study subjects residing in a predominately Latino low-income community in Chicago. Participants: Among 404 study subjects in the intervention group, 214 of Latino women who had attended at least 5 of 6 intervention sessions were considered participants. One hundred and twelve women who never attended and 29 of women who attended fewer than 3 sessions were considered dropouts. Methods: The baseline data of program participants were compared to those of dropouts. The influence of the following factors on program participation was examined: sociodemographic characteristics, self-esteem, HIV knowledge, intimate partner violence, depression, and communication with partner. Results: Logistic regression analysis showed that Mexican women were more likely to participate in the intervention program than Puerto Rican women (odds ratio (OR)=1.88, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.64, 4.23). Other significant predictors of program participation included: being older (OR=1.08, 95% CI=1.03, 1.14), unemployed (OR=0.46, 95% CI=0.25, 0.83), having higher risk reduction behavior intentions score (OR=1.16, 95% CI=1.06, 1.26), and lower level of depressive symptoms (OR=0.97, 95% CI=0.95, 0.99). Conclusions: The recruitment and retention strategies should be developed by considering those important predictors of intervention participation to prevent Latino women from dropping out of the HIV prevention program.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-534
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006

Fingerprint

Risk Reduction Behavior
Hispanic Americans
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
HIV
participation
confidence
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
drop-out
Depression
Interpersonal Relations
Self Concept
self-esteem
community
regression analysis
low income
Logistic Models
logistics
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • HIV intervention
  • Latino women
  • Program participation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Nursing(all)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Predictors of participation in an HIV risk reduction intervention for socially deprived Latino women : A cross sectional cohort study. / Kim, Young Ju; Peragallo, Nilda; DeForge, Bruce.

In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, Vol. 43, No. 5, 01.07.2006, p. 527-534.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Little is known about predictors of participation and attrition in HIV prevention programs for socially deprived Latino women. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine factors that predict program participation and attrition among Latino women in a community-based, culturally specific HIV risk reduction intervention. Design: This was a cross-sectional comparison of baseline data drawn from a randomized HIV risk reduction trial. Settings: Information was drawn from study subjects residing in a predominately Latino low-income community in Chicago. Participants: Among 404 study subjects in the intervention group, 214 of Latino women who had attended at least 5 of 6 intervention sessions were considered participants. One hundred and twelve women who never attended and 29 of women who attended fewer than 3 sessions were considered dropouts. Methods: The baseline data of program participants were compared to those of dropouts. The influence of the following factors on program participation was examined: sociodemographic characteristics, self-esteem, HIV knowledge, intimate partner violence, depression, and communication with partner. Results: Logistic regression analysis showed that Mexican women were more likely to participate in the intervention program than Puerto Rican women (odds ratio (OR)=1.88, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI)=1.64, 4.23). Other significant predictors of program participation included: being older (OR=1.08, 95{\%} CI=1.03, 1.14), unemployed (OR=0.46, 95{\%} CI=0.25, 0.83), having higher risk reduction behavior intentions score (OR=1.16, 95{\%} CI=1.06, 1.26), and lower level of depressive symptoms (OR=0.97, 95{\%} CI=0.95, 0.99). Conclusions: The recruitment and retention strategies should be developed by considering those important predictors of intervention participation to prevent Latino women from dropping out of the HIV prevention program.",
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