Predictors of medication compliance after hospital discharge in adolescent psychiatric patients

Anne Lloyd, William Koran, Susan R. Borgaro, John M. Stokes, David L. Pogge, Philip D Harvey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Failure in medication compliance in adult psychiatric patients is often found to be due to side effects or associated with unawareness of illness. Little research has been conducted on medication compliance in adolescent psychiatric patients. In this study, 97 adolescent psychiatric patients, including 46 with substance abuse, were followed up an average of 14 months after their discharge from inpatient psychiatric care. Compliance with prescribed medications was examined and the association between several potential predictors and compliance was examined. The overall rate of medication compliance was only 38% at 14-month follow-up, whereas the rate of patients stopping their medications because of side effects was only 23%. Significant predictors of compliance failures were general noncompliance with the discharge plan, followed by postdischarge substance abuse. Side effects did not contribute any additional variance when these factors were considered. These data suggest that medication compliance may be adversely impacted by general tendencies toward noncompliance with treatment, which may be mediated by several possible factors. Interventions to increase awareness of the need for psychotropic medications as well as careful monitoring for substance abuse relapse in this population are suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-141
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Volume8
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 12 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Adolescent Psychiatry
Medication Adherence
Substance-Related Disorders
Psychiatry
Compliance
Inpatients
Recurrence
Research
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

Predictors of medication compliance after hospital discharge in adolescent psychiatric patients. / Lloyd, Anne; Koran, William; Borgaro, Susan R.; Stokes, John M.; Pogge, David L.; Harvey, Philip D.

In: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, Vol. 8, No. 2, 12.09.1998, p. 133-141.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lloyd, Anne ; Koran, William ; Borgaro, Susan R. ; Stokes, John M. ; Pogge, David L. ; Harvey, Philip D. / Predictors of medication compliance after hospital discharge in adolescent psychiatric patients. In: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. 1998 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 133-141.
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