Predictors of engagement and retention into a parent-centered, ecodevelopmental HIV preventive intervention for hispanic adolescents and their families

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Abstract

Objective: This study examined predictors of engagement and retention into a parent-centered, ecodevelopmental HIV preventive intervention for Hispanic adolescents and their families. The influence of retention on changes in adolescent HIV-risk attitudes was also examined. Methods: Participants in this study were 91 Hispanic adolescents and their primary parents. Structural equation modeling was used to identify (a) predictors of initial engagement, (b) the effects of group processes on retention, and (c) the effects of retention on change HIV-risk attitudes in adolescents. Results: Although some participant characteristics predicted engagement, the parent-facilitator relationship quality at the initial contact was found to be the strongest predictor of engagement. Furthermore, within-group processes such as group cohesion positively predicted retention. Finally, parent retention predicted decreases in adolescent HIV-risk attitudes. Conclusions: The results may have important implications for engagement and retention in parent-centered interventions, as well as for reducing risks for HIV transmission in Hispanic adolescents. Implications for services research are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)874-890
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume31
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006

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Hispanic Americans
HIV
Group Processes
Parents
Research

Keywords

  • Engagement
  • Hispanic
  • HIV
  • Parent-centered
  • Prevention
  • Retention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

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title = "Predictors of engagement and retention into a parent-centered, ecodevelopmental HIV preventive intervention for hispanic adolescents and their families",
abstract = "Objective: This study examined predictors of engagement and retention into a parent-centered, ecodevelopmental HIV preventive intervention for Hispanic adolescents and their families. The influence of retention on changes in adolescent HIV-risk attitudes was also examined. Methods: Participants in this study were 91 Hispanic adolescents and their primary parents. Structural equation modeling was used to identify (a) predictors of initial engagement, (b) the effects of group processes on retention, and (c) the effects of retention on change HIV-risk attitudes in adolescents. Results: Although some participant characteristics predicted engagement, the parent-facilitator relationship quality at the initial contact was found to be the strongest predictor of engagement. Furthermore, within-group processes such as group cohesion positively predicted retention. Finally, parent retention predicted decreases in adolescent HIV-risk attitudes. Conclusions: The results may have important implications for engagement and retention in parent-centered interventions, as well as for reducing risks for HIV transmission in Hispanic adolescents. Implications for services research are also discussed.",
keywords = "Engagement, Hispanic, HIV, Parent-centered, Prevention, Retention",
author = "Prado, {Guillermo J} and Hilda Pantin and Schwartz, {Seth J} and Lupei, {Nichole S.} and Jose Szapocznik",
year = "2006",
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volume = "31",
pages = "874--890",
journal = "Journal of Pediatric Psychology",
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T1 - Predictors of engagement and retention into a parent-centered, ecodevelopmental HIV preventive intervention for hispanic adolescents and their families

AU - Prado, Guillermo J

AU - Pantin, Hilda

AU - Schwartz, Seth J

AU - Lupei, Nichole S.

AU - Szapocznik, Jose

PY - 2006/10/1

Y1 - 2006/10/1

N2 - Objective: This study examined predictors of engagement and retention into a parent-centered, ecodevelopmental HIV preventive intervention for Hispanic adolescents and their families. The influence of retention on changes in adolescent HIV-risk attitudes was also examined. Methods: Participants in this study were 91 Hispanic adolescents and their primary parents. Structural equation modeling was used to identify (a) predictors of initial engagement, (b) the effects of group processes on retention, and (c) the effects of retention on change HIV-risk attitudes in adolescents. Results: Although some participant characteristics predicted engagement, the parent-facilitator relationship quality at the initial contact was found to be the strongest predictor of engagement. Furthermore, within-group processes such as group cohesion positively predicted retention. Finally, parent retention predicted decreases in adolescent HIV-risk attitudes. Conclusions: The results may have important implications for engagement and retention in parent-centered interventions, as well as for reducing risks for HIV transmission in Hispanic adolescents. Implications for services research are also discussed.

AB - Objective: This study examined predictors of engagement and retention into a parent-centered, ecodevelopmental HIV preventive intervention for Hispanic adolescents and their families. The influence of retention on changes in adolescent HIV-risk attitudes was also examined. Methods: Participants in this study were 91 Hispanic adolescents and their primary parents. Structural equation modeling was used to identify (a) predictors of initial engagement, (b) the effects of group processes on retention, and (c) the effects of retention on change HIV-risk attitudes in adolescents. Results: Although some participant characteristics predicted engagement, the parent-facilitator relationship quality at the initial contact was found to be the strongest predictor of engagement. Furthermore, within-group processes such as group cohesion positively predicted retention. Finally, parent retention predicted decreases in adolescent HIV-risk attitudes. Conclusions: The results may have important implications for engagement and retention in parent-centered interventions, as well as for reducing risks for HIV transmission in Hispanic adolescents. Implications for services research are also discussed.

KW - Engagement

KW - Hispanic

KW - HIV

KW - Parent-centered

KW - Prevention

KW - Retention

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