Prediction of vulnerable zones for reactive substances

M. K. Miller, Kaufui Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Emergency planning committees across the United States are preparing emergency response plans for the release of extremely hazardous substances into the atmosphere. These plans include the use of models to predict the atmospheric dispersion of the extremely hazardous substances. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has produced a list of extremely hazardous substances and their concentrations where there is immediate danger to life and health, the Technical Guidance for Hazards Analysis (1). An area where the concentration of the substance reaches a level detrimental to life is called the vulnerable zone. When a hazardous substance such as fluorine is released into moist air the resulting mixture becomes more toxic due to the interaction of fluorine and water vapor. Data used by the local planning committees to determine the emergency planning levels of the toxic substance usually do not take this reaction into the plume calculations. This paper describes the effect of the vulnerable zone determination for the extremely hazardous substances which can react with the atmospheric environment. This paper determines the vulnerable zones for two reactive substances; in one case the vulnerable zone is misrepresented by 1,700 percent, and in the other case, the substance is not even included as an extremely hazardous substance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-19
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Environmental Health
Volume56
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 22 1993

Fingerprint

Hazardous Substances
prediction
Emergencies
Fluorine
Poisons
fluorine
Planning
United States Environmental Protection Agency
local planning
toxic substance
Steam
Environmental Protection Agency
Atmosphere
hazardous substance
Hazards
water vapor
plume
Air
Health
hazard

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Prediction of vulnerable zones for reactive substances. / Miller, M. K.; Wong, Kaufui.

In: Journal of Environmental Health, Vol. 56, No. 3, 22.10.1993, p. 17-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miller, MK & Wong, K 1993, 'Prediction of vulnerable zones for reactive substances', Journal of Environmental Health, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 17-19.
Miller, M. K. ; Wong, Kaufui. / Prediction of vulnerable zones for reactive substances. In: Journal of Environmental Health. 1993 ; Vol. 56, No. 3. pp. 17-19.
@article{291676fd0ea6496c9a27c6244d0b6cb1,
title = "Prediction of vulnerable zones for reactive substances",
abstract = "Emergency planning committees across the United States are preparing emergency response plans for the release of extremely hazardous substances into the atmosphere. These plans include the use of models to predict the atmospheric dispersion of the extremely hazardous substances. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has produced a list of extremely hazardous substances and their concentrations where there is immediate danger to life and health, the Technical Guidance for Hazards Analysis (1). An area where the concentration of the substance reaches a level detrimental to life is called the vulnerable zone. When a hazardous substance such as fluorine is released into moist air the resulting mixture becomes more toxic due to the interaction of fluorine and water vapor. Data used by the local planning committees to determine the emergency planning levels of the toxic substance usually do not take this reaction into the plume calculations. This paper describes the effect of the vulnerable zone determination for the extremely hazardous substances which can react with the atmospheric environment. This paper determines the vulnerable zones for two reactive substances; in one case the vulnerable zone is misrepresented by 1,700 percent, and in the other case, the substance is not even included as an extremely hazardous substance.",
author = "Miller, {M. K.} and Kaufui Wong",
year = "1993",
month = "10",
day = "22",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "17--19",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Health",
issn = "0022-0892",
publisher = "National Environmental Health Association",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prediction of vulnerable zones for reactive substances

AU - Miller, M. K.

AU - Wong, Kaufui

PY - 1993/10/22

Y1 - 1993/10/22

N2 - Emergency planning committees across the United States are preparing emergency response plans for the release of extremely hazardous substances into the atmosphere. These plans include the use of models to predict the atmospheric dispersion of the extremely hazardous substances. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has produced a list of extremely hazardous substances and their concentrations where there is immediate danger to life and health, the Technical Guidance for Hazards Analysis (1). An area where the concentration of the substance reaches a level detrimental to life is called the vulnerable zone. When a hazardous substance such as fluorine is released into moist air the resulting mixture becomes more toxic due to the interaction of fluorine and water vapor. Data used by the local planning committees to determine the emergency planning levels of the toxic substance usually do not take this reaction into the plume calculations. This paper describes the effect of the vulnerable zone determination for the extremely hazardous substances which can react with the atmospheric environment. This paper determines the vulnerable zones for two reactive substances; in one case the vulnerable zone is misrepresented by 1,700 percent, and in the other case, the substance is not even included as an extremely hazardous substance.

AB - Emergency planning committees across the United States are preparing emergency response plans for the release of extremely hazardous substances into the atmosphere. These plans include the use of models to predict the atmospheric dispersion of the extremely hazardous substances. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has produced a list of extremely hazardous substances and their concentrations where there is immediate danger to life and health, the Technical Guidance for Hazards Analysis (1). An area where the concentration of the substance reaches a level detrimental to life is called the vulnerable zone. When a hazardous substance such as fluorine is released into moist air the resulting mixture becomes more toxic due to the interaction of fluorine and water vapor. Data used by the local planning committees to determine the emergency planning levels of the toxic substance usually do not take this reaction into the plume calculations. This paper describes the effect of the vulnerable zone determination for the extremely hazardous substances which can react with the atmospheric environment. This paper determines the vulnerable zones for two reactive substances; in one case the vulnerable zone is misrepresented by 1,700 percent, and in the other case, the substance is not even included as an extremely hazardous substance.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027438509&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027438509&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 56

SP - 17

EP - 19

JO - Journal of Environmental Health

JF - Journal of Environmental Health

SN - 0022-0892

IS - 3

ER -