Predicting the relative permittivity of water-contaminated glass/epoxy laminates at X-band

Landon R Grace, L. Rodriguez, M. Fittipaldi, C. García

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The effect of low levels of absorbed water on the relative permittivity, or dielectric constant, of glass-fiber-reinforced epoxy laminates is examined by means of a split post dielectric resonant technique at 10 GHz. The two laminates studied utilize the same matrix material, and are commonly used as the radar-protecting structure, or radome, for military and civilian aircraft and ground-based radar systems. The relative permittivity of the composite material dictates the radome wall thickness and geometry which is crucial to unimpeded propagation of the electromagnetic wave without appreciable signal loss. The cumulative effect of absorbed moisture due to humid air, precipitation, and condensation is a significant increase in relative permittivity. The suitability of existing dielectric mixing models is investigated for prediction of the effective relative permittivity of the multiple component system in which absorbed water is treated as one of the constituents. An effective medium model formed by a power law approximation is proposed for predicting the effective relative permittivity of the water-contaminated composites. The increase in relative permittivity at 10 GHz as a result of absorbed moisture is recorded up to 1.8 percent water content by weight, at which point a 13% increase in dielectric constant is observed relative to the dry state. The model is used to predict the effective dielectric constant of both moisture-contaminated laminates using a common exponential term, recovered from a least-square fit to the experimental data. Prediction is based solely on moisture content and dielectric constant of the laminates in the dry state, which is measured at 3.42 and 4.62 depending on the type of fiber reinforcement. The ability to predict the relative permittivity of in-service composite laminates used as radar-protecting structures is crucial to the design and accuracy of these systems. The proposed model is capable of predicting the relative permittivity of two glass-fiber reinforced epoxy radome materials based on the level of moisture contamination due to practical, long-term usage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the American Society for Composites - 29th Technical Conference, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting
PublisherDEStech Publications
ISBN (Print)9781605951249
StatePublished - 2014
Event29th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting - La Jolla, San Diego, United States
Duration: Sep 8 2014Sep 10 2014

Other

Other29th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityLa Jolla, San Diego
Period9/8/149/10/14

Fingerprint

Laminates
Permittivity
Glass
Water
Radomes
Moisture
Glass fibers
Composite materials
Radar
Antenna grounds
Radar systems
Fiber reinforced materials
Electromagnetic waves
Water content
Condensation
Contamination
Aircraft
Geometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Grace, L. R., Rodriguez, L., Fittipaldi, M., & García, C. (2014). Predicting the relative permittivity of water-contaminated glass/epoxy laminates at X-band. In Proceedings of the American Society for Composites - 29th Technical Conference, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting DEStech Publications.

Predicting the relative permittivity of water-contaminated glass/epoxy laminates at X-band. / Grace, Landon R; Rodriguez, L.; Fittipaldi, M.; García, C.

Proceedings of the American Society for Composites - 29th Technical Conference, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting. DEStech Publications, 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Grace, LR, Rodriguez, L, Fittipaldi, M & García, C 2014, Predicting the relative permittivity of water-contaminated glass/epoxy laminates at X-band. in Proceedings of the American Society for Composites - 29th Technical Conference, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting. DEStech Publications, 29th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting, La Jolla, San Diego, United States, 9/8/14.
Grace LR, Rodriguez L, Fittipaldi M, García C. Predicting the relative permittivity of water-contaminated glass/epoxy laminates at X-band. In Proceedings of the American Society for Composites - 29th Technical Conference, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting. DEStech Publications. 2014
Grace, Landon R ; Rodriguez, L. ; Fittipaldi, M. ; García, C. / Predicting the relative permittivity of water-contaminated glass/epoxy laminates at X-band. Proceedings of the American Society for Composites - 29th Technical Conference, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting. DEStech Publications, 2014.
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