Preclinical safety and efficacy evaluation of the Pipeline Vantage Embolization Device with Shield Technology

Robert M. Starke, John Thompson, Ariana Pagani, Animesh Choubey, John M. Wainwright, Michael F. Wolf, Reza Jahanbekam, Gaurav Girdhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The Pipeline Vantage Embolization Device with Shield Technology is a next generation flow diverter developed to improve aneurysm occlusion and implant endothelialization in addition to lowering thrombogenicity. We report here the in vivo biocompatibility and in vitro hemocompatibility performance of the Pipeline Vantage Embolization Device with Shield Technology (Vantage) compared with the Pipeline Flex Embolization Device (Flex). Methods Biocompatibility (via histology), aneurysm occlusion and vessel patency (via angiography), and endothelial coverage (via scanning electron microscopy (SEM)) for the Vantage and Flex devices were assessed in the rabbit elastase aneurysm model at 90 days (n=29) and 180 days (n=27). In vitro thrombogenicity for Flex and Vantage (n=16) was assessed using a human blood flow loop model at low heparin concentration (0.6 U/mL) with thrombin generation, platelet activation and thrombus visualization as outputs. Results Raymond Roy Occlusion Classification grade 1 was higher for Vantage (61%) compared with Flex (46%), but was not statistically significant (p>0.05). All branch vessels were patent. Histological measures for both devices were similar (p>0.05). Endothelial coverage of the implant was significantly better for Vantage compared with Flex (p<0.05). In vitro measurements of thrombin generation (thrombin-antithrombin complex (μg/mL): Vantage 0.49±0.45; Flex 10.57±9.84) and platelet activation (β-thromboglobulin (IU/μl): Vantage 0.41±0.19; Flex 4.14±2.38) were both statistically lower (p<0.05) for Vantage compared with Flex. High resolution microscopy showed less accumulation of thrombus on Vantage as compared with Flex. Conclusion Vantage improved aneurysm occlusion and implant endothelialization and had significantly lower thrombogenicity as compared with Flex, while preserving the biocompatibility safety profile of Flex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)981-986
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of neurointerventional surgery
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • aneurysm
  • flow diverter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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