Asthma is a chronic inflammatory lung disease with considerable unmet medical needs for new and effective therapies. Cytosolic phospholipase A 2α (cPLA 2α) is the rate-limiting enzyme that is ultimately responsible for the production of eicosanoids implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma. We investigated a novel cPLA 2α inhibitor, PF-5212372, to establish the potential of this drug as a treatment for asthma. PF-5212372 was a potent inhibitor of cPLA 2α (7 nM) and was able to inhibit prostaglandin (PG)D 2 and cysteinyl leukotriene release from anti-IgE-stimulated human lung mast cells (0.29 and 0.45 nM, respectively). In a mixed human lung cell population, PF-5212372 was able to inhibit ionomycin-stimulated release of leukotriene B 4, thromboxane A 2, and PGD 2 (2.6, 2.6, and 4.0 nM, respectively) but was significantly less effective against PGE 2 release (>301 nM; p < 0.05). In an in vitro cell retention assay, PF-5212372 retained its potency up to 24 h after being washed off. In a sheep model of allergic inflammation, inhalation of PF-5212372 significantly inhibited late-phase bronchoconstriction (78% inhibition; p < 0.001) and airway hyperresponsiveness (94% inhibition; p < 0.001), and isolated sheep lung mast cell assays confirmed species translation via effective inhibition of PGD 2 release (0.78 nM). Finally, PF-5212372 was assessed for its ability to inhibit the contraction of human bronchi induced by AMP. PF5212372 significantly inhibited AMP-induced contraction of human bronchi (81% inhibition; p < 0.001); this finding, together with the ability of this drug to be effective in a wide range of preclinical asthma models, suggests that inhibition of cPLA 2α with PF-5212372 may represent a new therapeutic option for the treatment of asthma.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Mar 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine