Human germinal center-associated lymphoma (HGAL) and LIM domain only-2 (LMO2) are proteins highly expressed in germinal center (GC) B lymphocytes. HGAL and LMO2 are also expressed in GC-derived lymphomas and distinguish biologically distinct subgroups of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) associated with improved survival. However, little is known about their regulation. PRDM1/Blimp1 is a master regulator of terminal B cell differentiation and may also function as a tumor suppressor in the pathogenesis of DLBCL, where it is frequently inactivated by mutations and deletions. We now demonstrate that both HGAL and LMO2 are directly regulated by the transcription repressor PRDM1. In vivo studies demonstrate that PRDM1 directly binds to the recognition sites within the upstream promoters of both HGAL and LMO2. PRDM1 binding suppresses endogenous protein and mRNA levels of HGAL and LMO2. In addition, promoter analysis reveals that site-specific binding of PRDM1 to the promoters is capable of repressing transcriptional activity. This inhibitory effect of PRDM1 suggests that it has a key role in the loss of HGAL and LMO2 expression upon differentiation of GC B cells to plasma cells and may also contribute to absence of HGAL and LMO2 expression in post-GC lymphoid tumors.
- non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology