Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with mental retardation and comorbid mental disorders

L. Szymanski, B. H. King, W. Bernet, J. E. Dunne, M. Adair, V. Arnold, J. Beitchman, R. S. Benson, O. Bukstein, J. Kinlan, J. McClellan, D. Rue, J. A. Shaw, E. Sloan, K. D. Kroeger, R. Ryan, T. Petti, S. Steifel, A. Dosen, S. ReissN. Bouras, M. L. Field

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mental retardation (MR) is a heterogeneous condition defined by significantly subaverage intellectual and adaptive functioning and onset before age 18 years. With an approach underscored by principles of normalization and the availability of appropriate education and habilitation, persons with MR generally live, are educated, and work in the community. Mental disorders occur more commonly in persons with MR than in the general population. However, the disorders themselves are essentially the same. Clinical presentations can be modified by poor language skills and by life circumstances, so a diagnosis might hinge more heavily on observable behavioral symptoms. The diagnostic assessment considers and synthesizes the : biological, psychological, and psychosocial context of mental disorders. Comprehensive treatment integrating various approaches, including family counseling, pharmacological, educational, habilitative, and milieu interventions is the rule.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5S-31S
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume38
Issue number12 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Adults
  • Children
  • Developmental disabilities
  • Dual diagnosis
  • Guidelines
  • Mental health
  • Mental illness
  • Practice parameters
  • Psychiatry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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