This practice parameter reviews the literature on the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with schizophrenia. Recommendations are based on the limited research available, the adult literature, and clinical experience. Early-onset schizophrenia is diagnosed using the same criteria as in adults, and it appears to be continuous with the adult form of the disorder. Noted characteristics of youth with schizophrenia include predominance in males, high rates of premorbid abnormalities, and often poor outcome. Differential diagnosis includes psychotic mood disorders, developmental disorders, organic conditions, and nonpsychotic emotional/behavioral disorders. Treatment strategies incorporate antipsychotic medications with psychoeducational, psychotherapeutic, and social and educational support programs. The advent of a typical antipsychotic agents has enhanced the potential for effective treatment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry|
|Issue number||7 SUPPL.|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Developmental and Educational Psychology