Practically relevant research: Capturing real world tasks, environments, and outcomes

Sara J. Czaja, Joseph Sharit

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Development of strategies to optimize the functional performance of older adults requires understanding the behavior of older people doing tasks in real-world settings and capturing these interactions in research protocols. This is a major challenge as there is some degree of tension between capturing the contextual variables and constraints that operate in the real world and the scale of research that can be realistically conducted within controlled experimental settings. This article presents a research approach that can be used to help ensure the ecological validity of research protocols. The intent is to demonstrate how an ecologically valid approach affords greater insight into the performance of older adults in real world settings. Methods: The approach involves techniques such as task analysis and simulation. Examples from two research projects examining aging and the performance of realworld computer-based work tasks are used to demonstrate the application of this approach. Results: The article demonstrates how an ecologically valid research approach yields information about human performance that can be translated into solutions for real-world problems. Implications: Ecologically valid research protocols offer the potential for providing answers to real-world problems and advancing theory regarding aging and functional performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalGerontologist
Volume43
Issue numberSPEC. ISS. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2003

Keywords

  • Ecological validity
  • Real-world tasks
  • Task analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging

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