Potential solar sail degradation effects on trajectory and attitude control

Bernd Dachwald, Wolfgang Seboldt, Malcolm Macdonald, Giovanni Mengali, Alessandro A. Quarta, Colin R. McInnes, Leonel Rios-Reyes, Daniel J. Scheere, Bong Wie, Marianne Görlich, Franz Lura, Benjamin Diedrich, Volodymyr Baturkin, Victoria L. Coverstone, Manfred Leipold, Gregory P. Garbe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The optical properties of the thin metalized polymer films that are projected for solar sails are assumed to be affected by the erosive effects of the space environment. Their degradation behavior in the real space environment, however, is to a considerable degree indefinite, because initial ground test results are controversial and relevant in-space tests have not been made so far. The standard optical solar sail models that are currently used for trajectory and attitude control design do not take optical degradation into account, hence its potential effects on trajectory and attitude control have not been investigated so far. Nevertheless, optical degradation is important for high-fidelity solar sail mission analysis, because it decreases both the magnitude of the solar radiation pressure force acting on the sail and also the sail control authority. Therefore, we propose a simple parametric optical solar sail degradation model that describes the variation of the sail film's optical coefficients with time, depending on the sail film's environmental history, i.e., the radiation dose. The primary intention of our model is not to describe the exact behavior of specific film-coating combinations in the real space environment, but to provide a more general parametric framework for describing the general optical degradation behavior of solar sails. Using our model, the effects of different optical degradation behaviors on trajectory and attitude control are investigated for various exemplary missions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCollection of Technical Papers - AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference 2005
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.
Pages3274-3294
Number of pages21
ISBN (Print)1563477378, 9781563477379
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005
EventAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference 2005 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 15 2005Aug 18 2005

Publication series

NameCollection of Technical Papers - AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference
Volume5

Other

OtherAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference 2005
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period8/15/058/18/05

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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    Dachwald, B., Seboldt, W., Macdonald, M., Mengali, G., Quarta, A. A., McInnes, C. R., Rios-Reyes, L., Scheere, D. J., Wie, B., Görlich, M., Lura, F., Diedrich, B., Baturkin, V., Coverstone, V. L., Leipold, M., & Garbe, G. P. (2005). Potential solar sail degradation effects on trajectory and attitude control. In Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference 2005 (pp. 3274-3294). (Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference; Vol. 5). American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2005-6172