Potent inhibition of HIV-1 gene expression and TAT-mediated apoptosis in human T cells by novel mono- and multitarget anti-TAT/Rev/Env ribozymes and a general purpose RNA-cleaving DNA-enzyme

Hoshang Unwalla, Samitabh Chakraborti, Vikas Sood, Nidhi Gupta, Akhil C. Banerjea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

One of the hallmarks of progression of HIV-1/AIDS is the rapid depletion of CD4 + T cells that is known to occur at the late stages of the disease when usually X4 tropic HIV-1 predominates. Besides direct killing of T lymphocytes, HIV-1 infection leads to extensive apoptosis of naïve/uninfected bystander T cells, which is predominantly mediated by HIV-1 TAT protein. Therefore, reduction of HIV-1 TAT protein is likely to reduce substantially the pathogenesis associated with HIV-1 infection. We designed two non-GUX hammerhead ribozymes (Rzs) and a Di-Rz by placing them in direct tandem. These were targeted against the most conserved second exon of HIV-1 TAT/Rev/Env region. Although very impressive in vitro cleavage of the target RNA by the two hammerhead Rzs was obtained under standard conditions of cleavage, only one of them was active under simulated physiological conditions. Sequence-specific cleavage by the Di-Rz was most efficient under standard conditions. Cleavage reactions carried out under simulated physiological conditions by the Di-Rz, however, indicated that both mono-Rzs were functional. We also assembled a 10-23 catalytic motif containing general purpose RNA-cleaving DNA-enzyme (Dz) against the same region, which cleaved the target RNA very efficiently. Both Rzs and Dz showed not only potent inhibition of HIV-1 gene expression but also showed remarkable protection against HIV-1 TAT protein-mediated apoptosis in Jurkat T cells. Possible implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-144
Number of pages11
JournalAntiviral Research
Volume72
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Catalytic nucleic acids
  • Gene therapy
  • HIV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Pharmacology

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