Postural compensations and subjective complaints due to backpack loads and wear time in schoolchildren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study investigated the effects of carrying weighted backpacks of up to 20% of body weight on the posture and pain complaints of elementary-school children. Methods: Craniovertebral, forward trunk lean and pelvic tilt angles were measured from sagittal photographs of 62 children (8-11 years old) before and after walking while carrying backpacks containing 10%, 15%, or 20% of body weight. Pain severity after a 6-minute walk with the loaded backpack was recorded. Subjective complaints of pain were assessed using a visual analog scale after walking. Results: Repeated-measures ANOVA revealed statistically significant differences in postural angles and increased complaints of pain after walking with increased backpack loads. Conclusion: These results indicate that typical backpack loads create worsening postural changes due to backpack loads and time spent carrying those loads, putting children at increased risk for injury and pain, the latter of which is a strong predictor for back pain in adulthood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
JournalPediatric Physical Therapy
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 4 2013

Fingerprint

Pain
Walking
Body Weight
Back Pain
Posture
Visual Analog Scale
Analysis of Variance
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • back pain
  • biomechanics
  • child
  • female
  • human
  • lifting
  • male
  • pain
  • posture
  • risk factors
  • weight-bearing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Postural compensations and subjective complaints due to backpack loads and wear time in schoolchildren. / Kistner, Frances; Fiebert, Ira; Roach, Kathryn; Moore, James.

In: Pediatric Physical Therapy, Vol. 25, No. 1, 04.02.2013, p. 15-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f68c07a0a37c4ab19de7792ca0e8444b,
title = "Postural compensations and subjective complaints due to backpack loads and wear time in schoolchildren",
abstract = "Lippincott Williams Wilkins.",
keywords = "back pain, biomechanics, child, female, human, lifting, male, pain, posture, risk factors, weight-bearing",
author = "Frances Kistner and Ira Fiebert and Kathryn Roach and James Moore",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1097/PEP.0b013e31827ab2f7",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "15--24",
journal = "Pediatric Physical Therapy",
issn = "0898-5669",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Postural compensations and subjective complaints due to backpack loads and wear time in schoolchildren

AU - Kistner, Frances

AU - Fiebert, Ira

AU - Roach, Kathryn

AU - Moore, James

PY - 2013/2/4

Y1 - 2013/2/4

N2 - Lippincott Williams Wilkins.

AB - Lippincott Williams Wilkins.

KW - back pain

KW - biomechanics

KW - child

KW - female

KW - human

KW - lifting

KW - male

KW - pain

KW - posture

KW - risk factors

KW - weight-bearing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84873814721&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84873814721&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/PEP.0b013e31827ab2f7

DO - 10.1097/PEP.0b013e31827ab2f7

M3 - Article

C2 - 23288001

AN - SCOPUS:84873814721

VL - 25

SP - 15

EP - 24

JO - Pediatric Physical Therapy

JF - Pediatric Physical Therapy

SN - 0898-5669

IS - 1

ER -