Postsurgical barrier strategies to avoid the recurrence of intrauterine adhesion formation after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis: a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Gaetano Riemma, Jose Carugno, Tirso Perez-Medina, Luis Alonso Pacheco, Sergio Haimovich, John Preston Parry, Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Pasquale De Franciscis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the efficacy of mechanical strategies to avoid the recurrence of intrauterine adhesions, to evaluate the impact on subsequent fertility after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis and to rank the available antiadhesive options. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Scopus, ClinicalTrials.gov, CINAHL, Scielo, EMBASE, PROSPERO, Cochrane Library, conference proceedings, and international controlled trials registries were searched without temporal, geographic, and language restrictions. Study Eligibility Criteria: Randomized trials that analyzed the recurrence, reproductive outcomes, or both in women undergoing hysteroscopic adhesiolysis followed by mechanical prevention of intrauterine adhesions were included. The exclusion criteria included the following: quasi-randomized trials and trials without randomization and studies including patients undergoing hysteroscopic surgery that was different from adhesiolysis. Study Appraisal and Synthesis Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension statement for network meta-analyses guidelines were followed. We performed a network meta-analysis based on the random effects model for mixed multiple treatment comparisons to rank the antiadhesive strategies by surface under the cumulative ranking curve area. Quality assessment was performed using the criteria outlined in the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. The primary outcome was the recurrent presence of intrauterine adhesions. Results: Eleven studies with data for 1596 women were identified as applicable. A copper intrauterine device together with an intrauterine balloon (surface under the cumulative ranking curve area=46.4%) or with cross-linked hyaluronic acid gel (surface under the cumulative ranking curve area=21.3%) seemed effective in preventing adhesions recurrence. Regarding the fecundity, hyaluronic acid gel demonstrated the highest pregnancy rates (surface under the cumulative ranking curve area=79.8%). The greatest degrees of change in the mean adhesions scores were found with the use of hyaluronic acid gel plus an intrauterine device (surface under the cumulative ranking curve area=38.9%). For postsurgical adhesion severity, hyaluronic acid gel plus intrauterine device (surface under the cumulative ranking curve area=49.9%) followed by intrauterine device alone (surface under the cumulative ranking curve area=30.8%) was ranked the highest. Dried amnion graft (surface under the cumulative ranking curve area=53.8%) and uterine balloon (surface under the cumulative ranking curve area=45%) showed the greatest menstrual pattern improvement. Conclusion: Cross-linked hyaluronic acid gel, with or without insertion of a copper intrauterine device, seems to be the most effective approach. However, the lack of a clear best therapy suggests the need for further studies to draw firm conclusions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • adhesion recurrence
  • Asherman syndrome
  • hysteroscopy
  • intrauterine adhesions
  • reproductive outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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