Post transcriptional control of the epigenetic stem cell regulator PLZF by sirtuin and HDAC deacetylases

Melanie J. McConnell, Laetitia Durand, Emma Langley, Lise Coste-Sarguet, Arthur Zelent, Christine Chomienne, Tony Kouzarides, Jonathan D. Licht, Fabien Guidez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The transcriptional repressor promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger protein (PLZF) is critical for the regulation of normal stem cells maintenance by establishing specific epigenetic landscape. We have previously shown that CBP/p300 acetyltransferase induces PLZF acetylation in order to increase its deoxynucleotidic acid (DNA) binding activity and to enhance its epigenetic function (repression of PLZF target genes). However, how PLZF is inactivated is not yet understood. Results: In this study, we demonstrate that PLZF is deacetylated by both histone deacetylase 3 and the NAD+ dependent deacetylase silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1). Unlike other PLZF-interacting deacetylases, these two proteins interact with the zinc finger domain of PLZF, where the activating CBP/p300 acetylation site was previously described, inducing deacetylation of lysines 647/650/653. Overexpression of histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) and SIRT1 is associated with loss of PLZF DNA binding activity and decreases PLZF transcriptional repression. As a result, the chromatin status of the promoters of PLZF target genes, involved in oncogenesis, shift from a heterochromatin to an open euchromatin environment leading to gene expression even in the presence of PLZF. Conclusions: Consequently, SIRT1 and HDAC3 mediated-PLZF deacetylation provides for rapid control and fine-tuning of PLZF activity through post-transcriptional modification to regulate gene expression and cellular homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number38
JournalEpigenetics and Chromatin
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 24 2015

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • Deacetylation
  • Epigenetic
  • Repression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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