Post-stroke depression: Chaos to exposition

Ankan Sarkar, Deepaneeta Sarmah, Aishika Datta, Harpreet Kaur, Priya Jagtap, Swapnil Raut, Birva Shah, Upasna Singh, Falguni Baidya, Mariya Bohra, Kiran Kalia, Anupom Borah, Xin Wang, Kunjan R. Dave, Dileep R. Yavagal, Pallab Bhattacharya

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Cerebral ischemia contributes to significant disabilities worldwide, impairing cognitive function and motor coordination in affected individuals. Stroke has severe neuropsychological outcomes, the major one being a stroke. Stroke survivors begin to show symptoms of depression within a few months of the incidence that overtime progresses to become a long-term ailment. As the pathophysiology for the progression of the disease is multifactorial and complex, it limits the understanding of the disease mechanism completely. Meta-analyses and randomized clinical trials have shown that intervening early with tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin receptor inhibitors can be effective. However, these pharmacotherapies possess several limitations that have given rise to newer approaches such as brain stimulation, psychotherapy and rehabilitation therapy, which in today's time are gaining attention for their beneficial results in post-stroke depression (PSD). The present review highlights numerous factors like lesion location, inflammatory mediators and genetic abnormalities that play a crucial role in the development of depression in stroke patients. Further, we have also discussed various mechanisms involved in post-stroke depression (PSD) and strategies for early detection and diagnosis using biomarkers that may revolutionize treatment for the affected population. Towards the end, along with the preclinical scenario, we have also discussed the various treatment approaches like pharmacotherapy, traditional medicines, psychotherapy, electrical stimulation and microRNAs being utilized for effectively managing PSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-88
Number of pages15
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume168
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Depression
  • Diagnosis
  • Post-stroke depression
  • Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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