Post-ischemic administration of HU-211, a novel non-competitive NMDA antagonist, protects against blood-brain barrier disruption in photochemical cortical infarction in rats: a quantitative study

Ludmila Belayev, Raul Busto, Brant D. Watson, Myron D. Ginsberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined the effect of HU-211, a synthetic non-psychotropic cannabinoid with non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist properties, on blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity after photochemically induced cortical infarction. Evans blue dye was used as a BBB permeability indicator after unilateral thrombotic cortical infarction was produced photochemically by 560 nm light irradiation of the cortex in male Wistar rats receiving rose bengal intravenously. HU-211 was injected in a dose of 4 mg/kg i.v. 30 min after stroke. Fluorometric measurement of Evans blue was performed 24 h later in six brain regions. Treatment with HU-211 significantly decreased extravasation of dye into the area of infarct (406 ± 19 vs. 539 ± 33 μg/g, mean ± S.E.M.) as well as other sites of the affected hemisphere (866 ± 68 vs. 1096 ± 68 μg/g compared to the vehicle group. These data indicate that HU-211 is an effective drug in protecting against the effects of focal ischemia-induced BBB disruption in the rat and suggest that the drug may be an effective treatment against the ischemic cell death and BBB disruption that can occur clinically following a stroke or cardiac arrest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-270
Number of pages5
JournalBrain Research
Volume702
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 8 1995

Keywords

  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Evans blue
  • HU-211
  • Photochemical cortical infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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