Positive urgency is related to difficulty inhibiting prepotent responses

Sheri L. Johnson, Jordan A. Tharp, Andrew D. Peckham, Amy H. Sanchez, Charles S. Carver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Positive urgency, the tendency to respond impulsively to positive affective states, has been linked to many psychopathologies, but little is known about mechanisms underpinning this form of impulsivity. We examined whether the Positive Urgency Measure (PUM) related to higher scores on performance-based measures of impulsivity and cognitive control that were administered after a positive mood induction. Undergraduates (n 112) completed the self-report PUM, several positive mood inductions, and behavioral measures of impulsivity and cognitive control. PUM scores were significantly related to poor performance on the antisaccade task, a measure of prepotent response inhibition, but not to other performance measures. Together with existing literature, findings implicate deficits in response inhibition as one mechanism involved in emotion-related impulsivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)750-759
Number of pages10
JournalEmotion
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2016

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Keywords

  • Cognitive control
  • Impulsivity
  • Positive urgency
  • Response inhibition
  • Urgency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Johnson, S. L., Tharp, J. A., Peckham, A. D., Sanchez, A. H., & Carver, C. S. (2016). Positive urgency is related to difficulty inhibiting prepotent responses. Emotion, 16(5), 750-759. https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000182