Positive emotional style and subjective, cardiovascular and cortisol responses to acute laboratory stress

Sophie Bostock, Mark Hamer, Andrew Wawrzyniak, Ellen S. Mitchell, Andrew Steptoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationships between positive emotional style and acute salivary cortisol and cardiovascular responses to laboratory stress tasks were examined in 40 young women (mean age. = 28.8. years). Positive emotional style (PES) was measured by aggregating daily positive mood rating scales over one week. Negative affect was assessed with the short form Profile of Mood States. Salivary cortisol was measured in response to two behavioural tasks, a 5 min speech task and a 5 min mirror tracing task. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate responses were monitored using a Finometer during baseline, tasks and recovery. Higher PES was associated with more complete diastolic BP recovery (p= 0.027) and lower acute cortisol response to stress (p= 0.018), after adjusting for baseline measures, age, BMI and negative affect. Individuals with higher PES reported lower subjective tension during the tasks and perceived the tasks as more controllable. There were no differences in ratings of task involvement or in objective measures of task performance. A retrospective measure of positive affect (POMS vigour) was associated with diastolic BP recovery but not cortisol responses or subjective tension. The findings suggest that positive affective traits, assessed using repeated assessments of daily mood, are related to adaptive recovery from acute psychological stress. Our results reinforce evidence linking positive affect with adaptive diastolic BP recovery, while extending the results to cortisol. Investigations into the biological correlates of affective traits should consider utilising repeated measures of experienced affect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1175-1183
Number of pages9
JournalPsychoneuroendocrinology
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hydrocortisone
Blood Pressure
Task Performance and Analysis
Psychological Stress
Heart Rate

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cortisol
  • Mental stress
  • Positive affect
  • Positive emotional style
  • Recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

Cite this

Positive emotional style and subjective, cardiovascular and cortisol responses to acute laboratory stress. / Bostock, Sophie; Hamer, Mark; Wawrzyniak, Andrew; Mitchell, Ellen S.; Steptoe, Andrew.

In: Psychoneuroendocrinology, Vol. 36, No. 8, 01.09.2011, p. 1175-1183.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bostock, Sophie ; Hamer, Mark ; Wawrzyniak, Andrew ; Mitchell, Ellen S. ; Steptoe, Andrew. / Positive emotional style and subjective, cardiovascular and cortisol responses to acute laboratory stress. In: Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2011 ; Vol. 36, No. 8. pp. 1175-1183.
@article{e8486c5cde034b7cb196d4ca7cfb6ec9,
title = "Positive emotional style and subjective, cardiovascular and cortisol responses to acute laboratory stress",
abstract = "The relationships between positive emotional style and acute salivary cortisol and cardiovascular responses to laboratory stress tasks were examined in 40 young women (mean age. = 28.8. years). Positive emotional style (PES) was measured by aggregating daily positive mood rating scales over one week. Negative affect was assessed with the short form Profile of Mood States. Salivary cortisol was measured in response to two behavioural tasks, a 5 min speech task and a 5 min mirror tracing task. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate responses were monitored using a Finometer during baseline, tasks and recovery. Higher PES was associated with more complete diastolic BP recovery (p= 0.027) and lower acute cortisol response to stress (p= 0.018), after adjusting for baseline measures, age, BMI and negative affect. Individuals with higher PES reported lower subjective tension during the tasks and perceived the tasks as more controllable. There were no differences in ratings of task involvement or in objective measures of task performance. A retrospective measure of positive affect (POMS vigour) was associated with diastolic BP recovery but not cortisol responses or subjective tension. The findings suggest that positive affective traits, assessed using repeated assessments of daily mood, are related to adaptive recovery from acute psychological stress. Our results reinforce evidence linking positive affect with adaptive diastolic BP recovery, while extending the results to cortisol. Investigations into the biological correlates of affective traits should consider utilising repeated measures of experienced affect.",
keywords = "Blood pressure, Cortisol, Mental stress, Positive affect, Positive emotional style, Recovery",
author = "Sophie Bostock and Mark Hamer and Andrew Wawrzyniak and Mitchell, {Ellen S.} and Andrew Steptoe",
year = "2011",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.psyneuen.2011.02.009",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "1175--1183",
journal = "Psychoneuroendocrinology",
issn = "0306-4530",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Positive emotional style and subjective, cardiovascular and cortisol responses to acute laboratory stress

AU - Bostock, Sophie

AU - Hamer, Mark

AU - Wawrzyniak, Andrew

AU - Mitchell, Ellen S.

AU - Steptoe, Andrew

PY - 2011/9/1

Y1 - 2011/9/1

N2 - The relationships between positive emotional style and acute salivary cortisol and cardiovascular responses to laboratory stress tasks were examined in 40 young women (mean age. = 28.8. years). Positive emotional style (PES) was measured by aggregating daily positive mood rating scales over one week. Negative affect was assessed with the short form Profile of Mood States. Salivary cortisol was measured in response to two behavioural tasks, a 5 min speech task and a 5 min mirror tracing task. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate responses were monitored using a Finometer during baseline, tasks and recovery. Higher PES was associated with more complete diastolic BP recovery (p= 0.027) and lower acute cortisol response to stress (p= 0.018), after adjusting for baseline measures, age, BMI and negative affect. Individuals with higher PES reported lower subjective tension during the tasks and perceived the tasks as more controllable. There were no differences in ratings of task involvement or in objective measures of task performance. A retrospective measure of positive affect (POMS vigour) was associated with diastolic BP recovery but not cortisol responses or subjective tension. The findings suggest that positive affective traits, assessed using repeated assessments of daily mood, are related to adaptive recovery from acute psychological stress. Our results reinforce evidence linking positive affect with adaptive diastolic BP recovery, while extending the results to cortisol. Investigations into the biological correlates of affective traits should consider utilising repeated measures of experienced affect.

AB - The relationships between positive emotional style and acute salivary cortisol and cardiovascular responses to laboratory stress tasks were examined in 40 young women (mean age. = 28.8. years). Positive emotional style (PES) was measured by aggregating daily positive mood rating scales over one week. Negative affect was assessed with the short form Profile of Mood States. Salivary cortisol was measured in response to two behavioural tasks, a 5 min speech task and a 5 min mirror tracing task. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate responses were monitored using a Finometer during baseline, tasks and recovery. Higher PES was associated with more complete diastolic BP recovery (p= 0.027) and lower acute cortisol response to stress (p= 0.018), after adjusting for baseline measures, age, BMI and negative affect. Individuals with higher PES reported lower subjective tension during the tasks and perceived the tasks as more controllable. There were no differences in ratings of task involvement or in objective measures of task performance. A retrospective measure of positive affect (POMS vigour) was associated with diastolic BP recovery but not cortisol responses or subjective tension. The findings suggest that positive affective traits, assessed using repeated assessments of daily mood, are related to adaptive recovery from acute psychological stress. Our results reinforce evidence linking positive affect with adaptive diastolic BP recovery, while extending the results to cortisol. Investigations into the biological correlates of affective traits should consider utilising repeated measures of experienced affect.

KW - Blood pressure

KW - Cortisol

KW - Mental stress

KW - Positive affect

KW - Positive emotional style

KW - Recovery

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80051471138&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80051471138&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2011.02.009

DO - 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2011.02.009

M3 - Article

C2 - 21398040

AN - SCOPUS:80051471138

VL - 36

SP - 1175

EP - 1183

JO - Psychoneuroendocrinology

JF - Psychoneuroendocrinology

SN - 0306-4530

IS - 8

ER -