Positive and negative: Infant facial expressions and emotions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One path to understanding emotional processes and their development is the investigation of early facial expressions. Converging evidence suggests that although all infant smiles index positive emotion, some smiles are more positive than others. The evidence stems both from the situations in which infants produce different facial expressions and from naive observers' ratings of the emotional intensity of the expressions. The observers' ratings also suggest that similar facial actions-such as cheek raising-lead smiles to be perceived as more positive and lead negative expressions (cryfaces) to be perceived as more negative. One explanation for this parsimony is that certain facial actions are associated with the intensification of both positive and negative emotions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Directions in Psychological Science
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2002

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Facial Expression
Emotions
Cheek
Lead

Keywords

  • Distress
  • Emotion
  • Facial expression
  • Infancy
  • Joy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Positive and negative : Infant facial expressions and emotions. / Messinger, Daniel S.

In: Current Directions in Psychological Science, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.02.2002, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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