Porous Silicon Nanoparticles Embedded in Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) Nanofiber Scaffolds Deliver Neurotrophic Payloads to Enhance Neuronal Growth

Jonathan M. Zuidema, Courtney M. Dumont, Joanna Wang, Wyndham M. Batchelor, Yi Sheng Lu, Jinyoung Kang, Alessandro Bertucci, Noel M. Ziebarth, Lonnie D. Shea, Michael J. Sailor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Scaffolds made from biocompatible polymers provide physical cues to direct the extension of neurites and to encourage repair of damaged nerves. The inclusion of neurotrophic payloads in these scaffolds can substantially enhance regrowth and repair processes. However, many promising neurotrophic candidates are excluded from this approach due to incompatibilities with the polymer or with the polymer processing conditions. This work provides one solution to this problem by incorporating porous silicon nanoparticles (pSiNPs) that are preloaded with the therapeutic into a polymer scaffold during fabrication. The nanoparticle-drug-polymer hybrids are prepared in the form of oriented poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanofiber scaffolds. Three different therapeutic payloads are tested: bpV(HOpic), a small molecule inhibitor of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN); an RNA aptamer specific to tropomyosin-related kinase receptor type B (TrkB); and the protein nerve growth factor (NGF). Each therapeutic is loaded using a loading chemistry that is optimized to slow the rate of release of these water-soluble payloads. The drug-loaded pSiNP-nanofiber hybrids release approximately half of their TrkB aptamer, bpV(HOpic), or NGF payload in 2, 10, and >40 days, respectively. The nanofiber hybrids increase neurite extension relative to drug-free control nanofibers in a dorsal root ganglion explant assay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2002560
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume30
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • PTEN inhibitor
  • RNA aptamers
  • TrkB
  • controlled release
  • nerve growth factors
  • neuron guidance
  • tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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