Porosity and hydraulic properties of sediments from the Galapagos Spreading Center and their relation to hydrothermal circulation in the oceanic crust.

S. I. Karato, K. Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Density and porosity of sediments were measured on DSDP legs 69 and 70 samples from the Galapagos spreading center. Permeability and the hydraulic impedance of each sediment layer were estimated from measured values of porosity. The gradients of porosity and density with depth where sediment layers are thin (= or <50m thick) are anomalously high compared with those of other areas and with the upper part of thicker sediment layers in this area. A good correlation was found between the anomalous porosity and density gradients and the present-day heat flow. We interpret these observations to suggest that these high gradients may be due to active hydrothermal circulation through a thin sediment cover, which is inhibited by a thicker sediment layer, and that the pattern of hydrothermal circulation may be essentially fixed with the moving plate. Hydraulic impedance of the sediment layer was estimated from the observed depth variation of porosity and was shown to increase rapidly with its thickness. Our interpretation that a threshold thickness of about 50m would inhibit direct diffuse discharge or recharge of hydrothermal flow through the undisturbed sediment layer yields an average permeability of the underlying basement layer of about 3-6 X 10-4m2 (30-60mdarcies).-Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1009-1017
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume88
Issue numberB2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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