Polydrug-using adolescent mothers and their infants receiving early intervention

Tiffany M. Field, Frank Scafidi, Jeffrey Pickens, Margarita Prodromidis, Martha Pelaez-Nogueras, Julia Torquati, Holly Wilcox, Julie Malphurs, Saul Schanberg, Cynthia Kuhn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of an intervention for polydrug-using adolescent mothers. The program included educational, vocational, and parenting classes; social and drug rehab; and day care for their infants while they attended school half-day. The drug-exposed infants were similar to the non-exposed infants on traditional birth measures, although they had inferior Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale scores, including habituation, orientation, abnormal reflexes, general irritability, and regulatory capacity. The drug-exposed infants also spent less time in quiet sleep and more time crying and showing stress behaviors. Both the mothers and the infants in the drug groups demonstrated inferior interactions, and their dopamine and serotonin levels were significantly higher. As early as 3 months (following 3 months of intervention), the drug rehab mothers and their infants looked more like the nondrug group in their interactions; by 6 months, they looked similar on virtually every measure. At 12 months, the infants of drug rehab mothers (versus the drug control group) had superior Early Social Communication Scale scores and Bayley Mental scale scores, as well as significantly greater head circumference and fewer pediatric complications. The drug rehab mothers also improved on several lifestyle variables. They demonstrated a lower incidence of continued drug use and repeat pregnancy, and a greater number continued school, received a high school or general equivalency diploma, or were placed in a job. Thus, a relatively cost-effective high school based intervention had positive effects on both adolescent mothers who had used drugs and their infants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-143
Number of pages27
JournalAdolescence
Volume33
Issue number129
StatePublished - Mar 1 1998

Fingerprint

infant
Mothers
adolescent
drug
Pharmaceutical Preparations
school
Crying
Abnormal Reflexes
day care
Group
Drug and Narcotic Control
Parenting
interaction
sleep
educational program
drug use
Life Style
pregnancy
Dopamine
Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Field, T. M., Scafidi, F., Pickens, J., Prodromidis, M., Pelaez-Nogueras, M., Torquati, J., ... Kuhn, C. (1998). Polydrug-using adolescent mothers and their infants receiving early intervention. Adolescence, 33(129), 117-143.

Polydrug-using adolescent mothers and their infants receiving early intervention. / Field, Tiffany M.; Scafidi, Frank; Pickens, Jeffrey; Prodromidis, Margarita; Pelaez-Nogueras, Martha; Torquati, Julia; Wilcox, Holly; Malphurs, Julie; Schanberg, Saul; Kuhn, Cynthia.

In: Adolescence, Vol. 33, No. 129, 01.03.1998, p. 117-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Field, TM, Scafidi, F, Pickens, J, Prodromidis, M, Pelaez-Nogueras, M, Torquati, J, Wilcox, H, Malphurs, J, Schanberg, S & Kuhn, C 1998, 'Polydrug-using adolescent mothers and their infants receiving early intervention', Adolescence, vol. 33, no. 129, pp. 117-143.
Field TM, Scafidi F, Pickens J, Prodromidis M, Pelaez-Nogueras M, Torquati J et al. Polydrug-using adolescent mothers and their infants receiving early intervention. Adolescence. 1998 Mar 1;33(129):117-143.
Field, Tiffany M. ; Scafidi, Frank ; Pickens, Jeffrey ; Prodromidis, Margarita ; Pelaez-Nogueras, Martha ; Torquati, Julia ; Wilcox, Holly ; Malphurs, Julie ; Schanberg, Saul ; Kuhn, Cynthia. / Polydrug-using adolescent mothers and their infants receiving early intervention. In: Adolescence. 1998 ; Vol. 33, No. 129. pp. 117-143.
@article{d3a00de629a64d23930a93bc3247f372,
title = "Polydrug-using adolescent mothers and their infants receiving early intervention",
abstract = "This study investigated the effects of an intervention for polydrug-using adolescent mothers. The program included educational, vocational, and parenting classes; social and drug rehab; and day care for their infants while they attended school half-day. The drug-exposed infants were similar to the non-exposed infants on traditional birth measures, although they had inferior Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale scores, including habituation, orientation, abnormal reflexes, general irritability, and regulatory capacity. The drug-exposed infants also spent less time in quiet sleep and more time crying and showing stress behaviors. Both the mothers and the infants in the drug groups demonstrated inferior interactions, and their dopamine and serotonin levels were significantly higher. As early as 3 months (following 3 months of intervention), the drug rehab mothers and their infants looked more like the nondrug group in their interactions; by 6 months, they looked similar on virtually every measure. At 12 months, the infants of drug rehab mothers (versus the drug control group) had superior Early Social Communication Scale scores and Bayley Mental scale scores, as well as significantly greater head circumference and fewer pediatric complications. The drug rehab mothers also improved on several lifestyle variables. They demonstrated a lower incidence of continued drug use and repeat pregnancy, and a greater number continued school, received a high school or general equivalency diploma, or were placed in a job. Thus, a relatively cost-effective high school based intervention had positive effects on both adolescent mothers who had used drugs and their infants.",
author = "Field, {Tiffany M.} and Frank Scafidi and Jeffrey Pickens and Margarita Prodromidis and Martha Pelaez-Nogueras and Julia Torquati and Holly Wilcox and Julie Malphurs and Saul Schanberg and Cynthia Kuhn",
year = "1998",
month = "3",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "117--143",
journal = "Adolescence",
issn = "0001-8449",
publisher = "Libra Publishers Inc.",
number = "129",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polydrug-using adolescent mothers and their infants receiving early intervention

AU - Field, Tiffany M.

AU - Scafidi, Frank

AU - Pickens, Jeffrey

AU - Prodromidis, Margarita

AU - Pelaez-Nogueras, Martha

AU - Torquati, Julia

AU - Wilcox, Holly

AU - Malphurs, Julie

AU - Schanberg, Saul

AU - Kuhn, Cynthia

PY - 1998/3/1

Y1 - 1998/3/1

N2 - This study investigated the effects of an intervention for polydrug-using adolescent mothers. The program included educational, vocational, and parenting classes; social and drug rehab; and day care for their infants while they attended school half-day. The drug-exposed infants were similar to the non-exposed infants on traditional birth measures, although they had inferior Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale scores, including habituation, orientation, abnormal reflexes, general irritability, and regulatory capacity. The drug-exposed infants also spent less time in quiet sleep and more time crying and showing stress behaviors. Both the mothers and the infants in the drug groups demonstrated inferior interactions, and their dopamine and serotonin levels were significantly higher. As early as 3 months (following 3 months of intervention), the drug rehab mothers and their infants looked more like the nondrug group in their interactions; by 6 months, they looked similar on virtually every measure. At 12 months, the infants of drug rehab mothers (versus the drug control group) had superior Early Social Communication Scale scores and Bayley Mental scale scores, as well as significantly greater head circumference and fewer pediatric complications. The drug rehab mothers also improved on several lifestyle variables. They demonstrated a lower incidence of continued drug use and repeat pregnancy, and a greater number continued school, received a high school or general equivalency diploma, or were placed in a job. Thus, a relatively cost-effective high school based intervention had positive effects on both adolescent mothers who had used drugs and their infants.

AB - This study investigated the effects of an intervention for polydrug-using adolescent mothers. The program included educational, vocational, and parenting classes; social and drug rehab; and day care for their infants while they attended school half-day. The drug-exposed infants were similar to the non-exposed infants on traditional birth measures, although they had inferior Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale scores, including habituation, orientation, abnormal reflexes, general irritability, and regulatory capacity. The drug-exposed infants also spent less time in quiet sleep and more time crying and showing stress behaviors. Both the mothers and the infants in the drug groups demonstrated inferior interactions, and their dopamine and serotonin levels were significantly higher. As early as 3 months (following 3 months of intervention), the drug rehab mothers and their infants looked more like the nondrug group in their interactions; by 6 months, they looked similar on virtually every measure. At 12 months, the infants of drug rehab mothers (versus the drug control group) had superior Early Social Communication Scale scores and Bayley Mental scale scores, as well as significantly greater head circumference and fewer pediatric complications. The drug rehab mothers also improved on several lifestyle variables. They demonstrated a lower incidence of continued drug use and repeat pregnancy, and a greater number continued school, received a high school or general equivalency diploma, or were placed in a job. Thus, a relatively cost-effective high school based intervention had positive effects on both adolescent mothers who had used drugs and their infants.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032018778&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032018778&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9583666

AN - SCOPUS:0032018778

VL - 33

SP - 117

EP - 143

JO - Adolescence

JF - Adolescence

SN - 0001-8449

IS - 129

ER -