Polycomb Regulates Mesoderm Cell Fate-Specification in Embryonic Stem Cells through Activation and Repression Mechanisms

LLuis Morey, Alexandra Santanach, Enrique Blanco, Luigi Aloia, Elphège P. Nora, Benoit G. Bruneau, Luciano Di croce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polycomb complexes (PRC1 and PRC2) are essential regulators of epigenetic gene silencing in embryonic and adult stem cells. Emerging evidence suggests that the core subunit composition regulates distinct biological processes, yet little is known about the mechanistic underpinnings of how differently composed Polycomb complexes instruct and maintain cell fate. Here we find that Mel18, also known as Pcgf2 and one of six Pcgf paralogs, uniquely regulates PRC1 to specify mesoderm cell fate in embryonic stem cells. Mechanistically, Mel18 functions as a classical Polycomb protein during early cardiac mesoderm differentiation by repressing pluripotency, lineage specification, late cardiac differentiation, and negative regulators of the BMP pathway. However, Mel18 also positively regulates expression of key mesoderm transcription factors, revealing an unexpected function of Mel18 in gene activation during cardiac differentiation. Taken together, our findings reveal that Mel18 is required to specify PRC1 function in both a context- and stage-specific manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1835
Pages (from-to)300-315
Number of pages16
JournalCell Stem Cell
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 3 2015

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Mesoderm
Embryonic Stem Cells
Biological Phenomena
Adult Stem Cells
Essential Genes
Gene Silencing
Regulator Genes
Epigenomics
Transcriptional Activation
Transcription Factors
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Polycomb Regulates Mesoderm Cell Fate-Specification in Embryonic Stem Cells through Activation and Repression Mechanisms. / Morey, LLuis; Santanach, Alexandra; Blanco, Enrique; Aloia, Luigi; Nora, Elphège P.; Bruneau, Benoit G.; Di croce, Luciano.

In: Cell Stem Cell, Vol. 17, No. 3, 1835, 03.09.2015, p. 300-315.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morey, LLuis ; Santanach, Alexandra ; Blanco, Enrique ; Aloia, Luigi ; Nora, Elphège P. ; Bruneau, Benoit G. ; Di croce, Luciano. / Polycomb Regulates Mesoderm Cell Fate-Specification in Embryonic Stem Cells through Activation and Repression Mechanisms. In: Cell Stem Cell. 2015 ; Vol. 17, No. 3. pp. 300-315.
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