Politica y "economia militar' en el Cono Sur: democracia, produccion de armamentos y carrera armamentista en la Argentina, Brasil y Chile

Translated title of the contribution: Politics and the "military economy' in the Southern Cone: democracy, production of armaments and the arms race in Argentina, Brazil and Chile

C. H. Acuna, W. C. Smith

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This essay examines the consolidation of a new pattern of civil-military relations in the post-authoritarian Southern Cone. A significant shift has taken place on the part of the militaries, in which the long-term strategic interests of the armed forces have been linked with military production capabilities in the context of new democratic regimes. Thus, it is suggested that more attention should be paid to armaments production to understand the autonomy, prerogatives, and political power of the armed forces in these societies. Similarly, frequent allusions to the retreat of the military as a political actor in Latin America miss the rearticulation of military power and the redefinition of the armed forces' national development strategies in an effort to maintain the technological sophistication of their arms production capabilities. This study also argues that the perception of external threat has played a more important role than usually assumed in determining military economics and the militarization of conflicts in the region (both during military and civilian regimes). In spite of the democratic consolidations, a revival of the regional arms race is the most probable scenario. -English summary

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)343-378
Number of pages36
JournalDesarrollo Economico: Revista de Ciencias Sociales
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics

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