Political Risk and Country Risk in International Business: Concepts and Measures

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations


Assessing international business risk is critical to every multinational enterprise (MNE) when it plans to invest overseas. Such risk assessment has grown in importance as more firms' overall success relies upon their risk-adjusted net returns in foreign operations. Unexpected political events (e.g. terrorism) and abrupt changes in regulatory schemes reinforce the necessity of risk assessment in international business. Continuous opening up of emerging economies provides MNEs with many new opportunities but at the same time solidifies international business risk. The importance of political risk creates demand for its assessment. The various ways to measure the risk can be roughly classified into two categories: (1) qualitative approaches and (2) quantitative techniques that result in political risk indices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of International Business (2 ed.)
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780191577086, 9780199234257
StatePublished - Sep 2 2009


  • Foreign operations
  • International business
  • Multinational enterprise
  • Political risk
  • Regulatory schemes
  • Risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Political Risk and Country Risk in International Business: Concepts and Measures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this