Political Polarization as a Constraint on Corruption: A Cross-national Comparison

David S. Brown, Michael Touchton, Andrew Whitford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Efforts to explain corruption have increased dramatically in recent years. The interest stems from the increasing weight economists assign to corruption when explaining economic growth. A great deal of the research focuses on how political institutions influence perceptions of corruption. We move this debate in a new direction by addressing a previously ignored dimension: ideological polarization. We contend perceptions of corruption are determined not only by specific institutional features of the political system-such as elements of voting systems, ballot structures, or separation of powers-but by who sits at the controls. We employ panel data from a broad variety of countries to test our theoretical argument. Contrary to recent findings by both economists and political scientists, we show that ideological polarization predicts perceptions of corruption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1516-1529
Number of pages14
JournalWorld Development
Volume39
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Argentina
  • Corruption
  • Democracy
  • Development
  • Governance
  • Latin america
  • Polarization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics

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